Carbon-based fuels produce climate change-inducing greenhouse gases and are in limited supply. Renewables like solar, wind and geothermal energy are more difficult to store for use in the future or in a different location from the collection site. Batteries can be used to store energy, but they are expensive and inefficient.
2) The Bionic Leaf 2.0 –
- “Bionic Leaf 2.0.” is a highly efficient artificial leaf that turns solar energy into liquid fuel.
- The leaf performs a more efficient version of photosynthesis, capturing 10 times more solar energy than plants do.
- Bionic leaves split water into its constituent parts – oxygen and hydrogen. Then microbes digest the hydrogen, which converts carbon dioxide from the air into liquid fuel (see diagram above).
- Generator manufacturers
- Car manufacturers
- Researchers developing and perfecting the bionic leaf
- Prototype models that are integrated into existing systems (car engines, generators)
- Perform a greenhouse gas assessment of the prototypes
- Identify and address barriers to scaling up the technology