- Sustainability Problem: Energy intensive food systems
Global food systems are increasingly taking up energy especially in retail, packaging, and transport and more often in developing countries such as China, Brazil, and India. Food systems emissions come from agriculture, land use, and changes in land use. And systems are becoming more energy intensive because supply chain processes are contributing to this energy consumption.
2. Name of sustainable technology: EDGAR FOOD
- This report was created by a senior statistician and climate change specialist at the FAO in collaboration with the EU’s Joint Research Centre.
- This is a database that can be used to interpret how changes in consumer choices or technology has an effect on food system derived greenhouse gas emissions.
- The system uses land-use data from over 245 countries beginning in 1990 in order to track emissions trends from many different sectors (retail, packaging, transport, processing) in order to better understand food production and distribution.
- The creators of this database believe that it will serve as a useful tool in order to better mitigate and transform the pathways to sustainable food systems.
Source: “Food systems account for over one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions.” https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/03/1086822, UN News.
- Key stakeholders that will use this technology: The creators of this dataset are a part of the FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organization). The database has an effect on respective governments of sovereign nations because this system identifies top emitting countries and affects the ability for policymakers to make national decisions. This system affects the different industries of the global food system – It affects supply chain management because industries will need to identify from which parts (retail, transport, consumption) the contributions of GHGs are coming from? It will also affect food trade because the import/export energy from country to country will be affected. Developers of the food technology will be affected by this dataset as well.
4. First 3 steps in deploying the technology: Land use emissions data must be verified and updated from the FAOSTAT emissions database on an annual basis. The technology includes GHG emissions data from production to consumption. In order to be implemented the data will need to be authorized/published in a comprehensive manner to help governments and producers to make decisions on their food systems. The FAO will need to ensure international support for the report in order to determine whether this becomes a global policy tool in order for different countries to create their own analyses on industry emissions and identify which sectors to target for reduction.