Reduce waste by converting food to freeze dried food powder

Article: Powder Extends Almost-Expired Food’s Shelf Life, Could Be Key To Ending Hunger

Topic: Waste

Each year people toss out billions of dollars in food waste. FoPo’s vision is to reduce food waste by extending the shelf life of food about to expire.

  • The company, FoPo, receives cheap, nearly expired fruits and vegetables from grocery stores, processing them into a food powder, called FoPo, and selling that powder back to the markets to be consumed
  • Farmers throw out billions of dollars in fruits & vegetables due to their outer appearance but the food is perfectly edible. Instead of throwing this into the landfills, they can be converted to food powder
  • Shelf life can be extended from a couple of weeks to a couple of years, while still maintaining the same nutritional quality and taste
  • The technology to freeze dry food is not new but it’s considered a premium food product. This new process of taking food that’s about to be discarded will lower the production costs, making it more affordable to feed people in low income countries


  • FoPo company
  • Food producers & retailers: farmers, supermarkets, restaurants
  • Government food regulation agencies such as the FDA


  • Contract with grocery stores, supermarkets, and farmers to receive food that’s either about to be expired or is not up to the visual standard to be sold to customers
  • Market the food product to engage community about the innovative waste reduction solution
  • Scale up to mass production, sell back to grocery stores and restaurants

NYC Garbage Problem

Recommended Solution

Exclusive Collection Centers : areas designated for residential trash disposal; DSNY trucks will only go to collection centers to pick; data system to record accurate info.Zoning
Use current pick-up zones. Each zone will have collection centers – quantity depending on current demand

Data Collection
All received trash will be weighed and associated with a unique waste disposal ID, which includes name, location, type of business (if applicable), and will track trash disposal patterns. New Yorkers must create a personal profile ID and PIN No.

DSNY Pick-Up: Semi-Automated Process
Garbage trucks will only pick-up trash from the collection center. Recyclable and refuse waste days remain. Trash will be collected on a timely schedule and adjusted based on demand.

Who’s involved (Stakeholders)?

  • Community
    (anyone who dumps trash in the street): residential, commercial, small business
  • Government departments for planning/implementing:
    Dept of Sanitation NYC, DOT – Urban planning department, EPA, NYC Business Integrity Commission
  • Labor unions
    Action Carting and Progressive Waste Solutions (formerly IESI), are fully unionized; their New York City refuse collection truck workers are represented by several unions including the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the United Workers of America
  • Government departments
    DSNY picks up garbage from all city agencies
  • City Council
    To enact long-term policy change


  • Cost Savings
  • Cleaner streets (due to leaking bags)
  • Reduced rodent problem
  • Reduced labor costs = savings for the city
  • Reduced job-related injuries for DSNY
  • Better for the environment
    • More efficient driving routes: reduction in vehicle emissions
    • Trucks only drive with full loads, reduced number of trucks to pick up garbage

3D Printed Organs Help Doctors Save Lives

Article: Surgeon’s Helper: 3D Printing Is Revolutionizing Health Care

Category: Safety and Health
Technology: 3D printer is revolutionizing medicine

– 3D printed organs can help doctors practice operating on difficult surgeries
– 3D printed prosthetics is only a fraction of the cost of traditional prosthetics (Traditional transradial prosthetics cost about $10,000+ per device with 3D printing this is only a few hundred dollars)
– 3D printer technology allows for personalized medicine – patients can easily acquire unique parts quickly and cheaply


– 3D printer designers, engineers
– hospital staff: doctors, nurses, technicians, management, etc.
– patients
– insurance companies

Step 1: Hospital Management collaborate with 3D Print Companies to either sign a contract or buy the equipment
Step 2: Discuss technology with insurance companies so that they can appropriately price the technology for patients and any liabilities
Step 3: Discuss technology with patients

Get Cash for Recycling Your Phone with ecoATM

E-Waste: According to the EPA, in 2013 only 40% of all electronics were collected for recycling, the rest are disposed of in landfills. Improper e-waste disposal can pose environmental and human health risks.

Article: Recycling a Phone at EcoATM Is an Easy Route To Feeling Green


  • eco-ATM gives a cash incentive for people to recycle their old phone, tablets, chargers and mp3 players
  • eco-ATM examines the device and quotes a price to the user. If the user agrees, cash is dispensed on the spot making it easy and convenient to use the ATM. If the device has no re-sale value, eco-ATM® offers the option to donate the device to a charity of the user’s choice.
  • eco-ATM resells the device on the market or recycles it at e-waste reclamation facilities
  • As of 2014, 4 million devices have been collected at 1,890 kiosks nationwide. This has enabled the recovery or reuse of:
    • 141,096 pounds of copper
    • 3,088 pounds of silver
    • 300 pounds of gold
    • 132 pounds of palladium


  • Customers – users of ecoATM®
  • ecoATM team (design, implement, troubleshoot)
  • e-waste reclamation facilities
  • investors
  • law enforcement (to deter people from attempting fraud and selling stolen property)
  • manufacturing companies


  1. Obtain funding to set up more kiosks nationwide
  2. Create strategy mapping to determine where to expand the kiosks with the current funding
  3. Marketing campaign to promote the service. People have to be aware of the cash incentive of recycling

Pothole Killer

Pothole Killer Truck
Pothole Killer Truck


One-man operated truck that fills, flattens, and seals potholes in 30-90 seconds per pothole.

The operator points the patchers delivery nozzle at the pothole and sprays a mixture of asphalt emulsion and stone to fill the pothole which is then topped off by a barrier coating of material to prevent tracking while the repair sets up.


  • Longer, lasting pothole fillers (lasts 1-3 years)
  • Quick and efficient process (30-90 seconds per pothole compared to 2-10 minutes in DOT’s current pothole repair process)
  • Reduced labor cost (only one worker compared to the 4 man team in DOT’s current pothole repair process)

Smart Technology: Nest Thermostat – Reduce Energy Consumption

Issue: Thermostats control half of a residential home’s energy bill. They are often set to one temperature regardless of whether or not anyone is home. If the thermostats can be adjusted for when a house is empty, each household can reduce 20% of their total energy costs.

Proposed Solution:

  1. Use a proven smart technology thermostat such as Nest, which learns each household’s room temperature preferences and automatically adjusts itself after a week.
  2. The Nest thermostat has a motion detector and will turn off the AC or heat when there is no one home.
  3. Nest calculates how long each home takes to heat or cool and begins heating or cooling a home before there are people home. This discourages families from setting extreme temperatures such as 55°F when they actually wanted it to be 70 °F. People mistakenly assume that a home will reach 70 °F faster if the thermostat was set at 55°F.
  4. An article in Green Building Advisor compiled studies on the Nest technology. In two separate states, Oregon and Indiana, the Nest technology has been proven to provide cost savings.


  1. Households: landlords or renters
  2. Nest Thermostat Support Team

Initial Steps for Deployment:

  1. Buy and Install Nest Thermostat, can choose to self-install or pay for a professional.
  2. Manually adjust Nest Thermostat for the first two weeks. Nest Thermostat will learn the household’s room temperature preferences.
  3. Track monthly energy usage through Nest’s energy report.