Einride driverless electric vehicles for autonomous freight hauling

Sustainability Problem:  Energy (Carbon Emissions from Diesel trucks)


Technology: Einride, A Swedish startup, created electric autonomous pods that are designed to carry freight.

  • The company has two kinds of vehicles: connected, heavy electric trucks driven by humans and its driverless Pods. The PODS come without steering wheels, pedals, windshields, (no driver cabin). The company claims their pod’s vehicles will “reduce transport costs by up to 60 percent and CO2 emissions by 90 percent.” 
  • The company hopes to have the Pods on the road delivering freight starting in 2021. The vehicles, known as Autonomous Electric Transport (AET), comes in four different variations. The categories are conditions under which the Pods can drive autonomously. 
  • The company is using Nvidia’s self-driving software for their Autonomous driving. The trucks can also be controlled by a remote operator who is located hundreds of miles away using its in-house teleoperation technology. 
  • It is expected that the trucking industry will see severe displacement in its workforce due to this technology. In the US, 4.4 million jobs are related to driving; of those, trucking jobs comprise about 2.5 million. A recent study found that automated trucks could reduce the demand for drivers by as much as 50 to 70 percent in the US and Europe by 2030, with 4.4 million of the 6.4 million professional drivers on both continents being displaced.


  • Freight Companies 
  • Retailers
  • Brands 
  • Consumers
  • Employees in the trucking industry. 


  • Explore feasibility of this technology within our current freight system.
  • Create awareness for cost savings and reduction of carbon emissions among potential freight customers.
  • Test Pod transport with potential customers.


CLO 3D Design Platform

  1. Sustainable Problem: Apparel Waste
  1. Technology: CLO 3D Design Platform


  • CLO offers 3D design software for apparel designers and brands. It offers an end-to-end solution. The technology allows the users to create unlimited graphic design samples and print layouts. By digitizing the fashion design process, companies can eliminate unnecessary physical sampling. With computer programming, the platform allows the user to do multiple iterations in a matter of minutes
  • Virtual Fashion was launched with a vision to change the world by connecting and converging real and virtual garments. The company envisions a world where every real piece of clothing is tagged to its own digital version and vice versa.
  • With 70 3D designers on staff with experience in fashion design, tech design, and patternmaking, the platform allows the company to emulate the design and patternmaking process.Customers can work in real-time with their supply chain.   
  • The company is also working on a virtual fitting application where the end consumer will be able to create their avatars and wear, style and play with garments online without going into physical fitting rooms.


  • Designers
  • Brands
  • Apparel Manufacturers
  • Retailers


  • Extend trial offers to brands and designers.
  • Marketing to brands and designers.
  • Educate brands on the Cost savings of using such a platform.
  • Test software with brands.
  • Create interest with retailers for the virtual fitting application. 

EON Digital ID Platform helping to move towards a Circular Economy.

Dharmen Hariprashad #dh2733

  1. Sustainable Problem: Apparel Industry waste and carbon emissions from apparel production.
  1. Technology: EON Circular ID protocol. 


  • The circular id protocol will provide a digital identity that lives with an individual garment throughout its life cycle. The digital ID can be linked to the product through technologies such as RFID, NFC, QR code or UPC barcode. It would provide access to information such as materials, origin, authenticity, price, style and recycling instructions that stay with goods throughout their life.
  • Customers on the Eon Platform can use Eon’s mobile application to scan products using radio-frequency identification, near-field communication or QR codes Customers are able to unlock services and amenities like styling insights, material content, instructions for resale, sustainability credentials, services for rental peer-to-peer sharing.
  • The technology would allow garments to be “checked in” and authenticated at a reseller or recycling facility, and easily transferred between owners. It would be a real-time snapshot of the individual garment. 
  • The technology is also designed to help re-commerce companies scale and to inspire new business models that let fashion brands participate in the resale of goods.Besides helping to move us towards a circular economy this technology can help to create transparency by holding brands accountable for their sourcing practices.Consumers would be able to see if brands are using ethical standards to produce their goods. 
  1. Stakeholders
  • Retailers
  • Apparel Rentals
  • Brands
  • Apparel Manufacturers
  • Resale Apparel Vendors
  1. Implementation
  • Create partnerships with Brands and resale vendors/ peer to peer sharing
  • Engage brands to use the platform for resale
  • Educating customers on how to access the information for the specific garment.

Other Sources:


On-Demand Apparel Manufacturing/ Dealing with waste and overproduction in the Apparel Industry.

Dharmen Hariprashad #dh2733

  1. Sustainability problem: Waste/ Apparel industry overproduction.

  1. Technology Summary: On-Demand manufacturing is a production model when goods are only made when or as they are required. It is also referred to as made-to-order in the fashion industry. In the wake of COVID and the adoption of digitization by consumers and new software innovations (3D Scanning), it has allowed brands to experiment and initiate new ODM processes. Also with an emphasis on sustainability and reducing carbon emissions, ODM is one way to deal with the overproduction problem in the apparel industry.
  • On-demand manufacturing allows companies to produce only what consumers order with a faster response time. It eliminates unnecessary production and harmful waste—this can be profitable for the brand and at the same time good for the environment. 
  • OnDemand Manufacturing is currently only used by smaller brands and new startups; however, new innovative software designs may allow larger companies to scale the process. 
  • Applying digitization to fashion will allow brands to redesign their manufacturing process. Manufacturers will be able to move away from a model where they estimate how much goods to produce and only make what is needed. 


  • Retailers
  • Consumers
  • Software Developers
  • Fabric Manufacturers
  • Brands
  • Trade Organizations.


  • Create a seamless process with the use of software for the OnDemand manufacturing process.
  • Educate consumers on the process of OnDemand manufacturing and its benefits to the environment. 
  • Create an OnDemand supply chain for retailers (partners) and direct-to-consumer channels.



Dealing with Textile Waste through recycling (Refibra technology)

#dh2733, Dharmen Hariprashad

1. Sustainability problem: Textile Waste.

According to data from the Environmental Protection Agency in 2018 17 million tons of textile waste ended up in landfills and that number is rising every year. Developing technology to recycle fabrics can be one of the ways of dealing with the “big hairy problem of textile waste.

2. Technology Summary

  • Refibra technology is an innovation that was developed by The Lenzing group, a manufacturer of cellulose fibers. The technology involves upcycling cotton scraps from pre and post garment production. The cotton scraps are transformed into cotton pulp and combined with wood to create new virgin fibers. This process gives a second life to post consumer cotton scraps, which would otherwise go to landfills. This creates a true closed loop process.
  • With a shift from a linear production model to a circular economy, recyclable materials are becoming more mainstream. We are seeing a shift in customer interest for more sustainable materials. Creating new interest with brands and customers will allow the company to scale the product. Even though the Refriba technology is such a small step in dealing with such a large problem, dealing with textile waste, the company is committed to being innovative and creating more sustainable offerings.
  • The acceptance of REFIBRA technology is being adopted by various sectors of the textile industry that include apparel and home products. Some of the companies currently using the technology are Reformation, Zara, Mara Hoffman, and Patagonia. With a heightened acceptance of the technology, it can increase customer awareness on sustainability, recycling, and reducing waste.

3. Stakeholders

  • Textile and Yarn manufacturers. 
  • Brands: Expand Product offerings to new markets/ Fabric can be used for clothing and home products. 
  • End users/ Consumers

4. Deployment Strategy

  • Must be accepted by brands that will use the fiber/fabric to manufacture new products. Work with brands to test the fiber and make adjustments from the feedback. (Creating partnerships with fabric producers and brands)
  • Establish supply chain to acquire pre and post cotton scraps.
  • Collaborate with partners to raise awareness of sustainability and closed-loop designs.


REFIBRA™: Sustainable Lyocell Production