Forward Osmosis

Technology: Forward Osmosis Water Filtration Products

Company: Hydration Technology Innovations – Water Technology

Article Link: Hydropack

Issue: Water Management

Access to clean drinking water is an issue in many parts of the world, especially in emergency situations and disaster areas.

Summary:

  • HTI has developed the most advanced water and wastewater filtration membrane technology. The technology can treat wastewater from landfills, oil and gas operations, as well as food processing.
  • HTI developed the Hydropack, a portable forward osmosis membrane water filter that requires no energy and filters dirty water.
  • This technology is being used for personal emergency water filtration, for example in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake.

Stakeholders:

  • Water industry
  • Local governments
  • Consumers of clean water
  • Health care providers

Steps for deployment:

  • Identify locations with low access to clean water / disaster areas
  • Scale up the deployment of the clean water solution around the world. Developing countries will especially benefit, as their water systems are less developed and there is great need for access to clean water.
  • Develop a monitoring and evaluation system to track the positive benefits of access to clean water, including reduced health risks.
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Plastic 2 Oil

Article Link: http://www.plastic2oil.com/site/news-releases-master/2015/02/23/89-billion-us-annual-economic-impact-for-plastics-to-oil

Technology: Plastic2Oil http://www.plastic2oil.com/site/home

1) Issue: Energy and waste management

Reuse and recycling of plastics is growing as the preferred methods of plastics recovery. However, it is not possible to recycle all plastics. There is a tremendous amount of plastic waste that ends up in landfill and in the oceans. In the U.S. only 8% of the generated plastic waste is recycled.

Plastic waste US

2) Summary:

  • Plastic2Oil is an American fuel company that transforms unsorted, unwashed plastic waste into clean, low sulfur fuel.
  • The process is commercially viable and scalable, and provides immediate economic benefit for industry, communities and government organizations with waste plastic recycling challenges.
  • The U.S. could support as many as 600 Plastic2Oil facilities, which would generate 38,900 jobs and $8.9 billion in economic output from operations.

Plastics

3) Stakeholders:

  • Plastic industry
  • Local government
  • Energy/fuel companies
  • Consumers of plastics
  • Waste management and recycling companies
  • Local communities that can receive economic and environmental benefits

4) Steps for Deployment:

  • Identify locations with high amounts of plastic waste.
  • Scale up the processing of plastic waste to clean fuel throughout the US, and around the world. Developing countries will especially benefit, as their waste management systems are less developed and there is great need for alternative clean fuel.
  • Develop a monitoring and evaluation system to track the positive benefits of converting plastic waste to clean fuel, including reduced emissions, reduced total waste in landfills and the ocean.

Flare to Fuels

1. Issue: Energy Management

Gas flaring is one of the most challenging energy and environmental problems. Around 14.3 billion cubic feet of gas are flared worldwide per day, which represents a massive amount of global greenhouse gas emissions, and an immense waste of natural resources.

2. Summary:

The GasTechno process converts and monetizes flared or stranded natural gas, biogas, methane from coalmines, and landfill gas at an adaptable, mini-scale. A demonstration plant has been set up in Michigan, and is fully operational.

GasTechno process:

  • The natural gas liquids are removed for sale, and then a GasTechno plant is installed to convert the remaining methane and ethane into green fuel components – high-grade methanol, ethanol and formalin.
  • Pure CO2 is a secondary by-product of the process, and can be sold, converted to other products, or sequestered. This eliminates 89% of the original CO2.

3. Stakeholders:

  • Oil and gas industry
  • National energy policy makers
  • Environmental groups

4. Steps for deployment:

  • Scale up demonstration GasTechno plant sites in the United States.
  • Identify Early Adopter customers to implement the solution.
  • Deploy GasTechno solution in other countries with very high amounts of gas flaring, such as Russia, Nigeria, and Algeria.

News article: GasTechno

Technology: GasTechno.com

New monitoring technologies help companies to ensure the integrity of their vast water supply networks.

1) Sustainability problem: Water

  • A large amount of water is lost in distribution networks.

2) Summary:

  • It is estimated that 45 million cubic meters are lost every day in distribution networks in developing countries. Leaks are expensive and increase pressure on limited water resources.
  • SebaKMT developed smart sensors for water supply networks to pinpoint leaks much more quickly.
  • SebaKMT smart systems include wireless pressure and acoustic sensors that are connected to centralized cloud-based monitoring systems.

3) Stakeholders:

  • National and local government
  • Water resource managers
  • Water utilities

4) Deployment:

  • Perform a pilot study to prove efficiency of technology in saving water
  • Identify governments that support, and utilities that are interested in implementing the technology
  • Do a study of each location to determine best implementation strategy

Technology: SebaKMT

Article: The Guardian

Electric Garbage Trucks

Article Link: Electric Garbage Trucks

Technology: Wrightspeed Powertrains

1) Issue: Energy & Waste Management / Public Services

2) Summary:

  • Garbage trucks are one of the vehicles with the highest energy consumption, and therefore offer the greatest potential for improvement and significant benefits.
  • Wrightspeed created an efficient replacement of powertrains for garbage trucks and delivery trucks.
  • The Wrightspeed powertrain includes battery packs (lithium iron phosphate battery), a regenerative braking system, and a back-up gas turbine range extender generator that supplies energy to the battery pack to keep the direct propulsion system all-electric.

3) Stakeholders:

  • Waste Management authority and delivery truck companies
  • Truck drivers and garbage collectors
  • The general public being serviced by the garbage and delivery trucks

4) Steps for deployment:

  • After the initial trial phase that proves the powertrains are efficient, approach the waste management authority to swap out the old powertrains of garbage trucks for the Wrightspeed powertrains.
  • Identify the delivery truck organizations that would like to adopt the new powertrains, as FedEx has already done.
  • Scale up production of powertrains for garbage trucks and delivery trucks.

Saved by a Solar Suitcase

Article Link: Saved by a Solar Suitcase

Nonprofit technology: We Care Solar

1) Issue: Health / Energy

2) Summary:

  • In maternity wards that lack reliable electricity in developing countries, doctors and midwives have trouble providing adequate care to mothers and newborns. Due to frequent, often unpredictable blackouts, patients are treated without sufficient lighting and basic medical equipment. In these situations, many mothers and babies can die due to pregnancy complications.
  • Stachel developed a solar suitcase that includes LED lights, solar panels, a battery, headlamps, chargers, and medical equipment, such as a fetal monitor. Her nonprofit, We Care Solar, has built and delivered hundreds of solar suitcases to medical facilities in 25 countries, mostly in Africa.
  • In two years, 112,000 mothers gave birth in facilities with solar suitcases. The solar kits have also been used for other emergencies, such as a cholera outbreak in the DRC in 2012, and the Nepal earthquake response in April and May this year.

3) Stakeholders:

  • Mothers and newborns, and other health patients
  • Doctors, nurses, and midwives
  • Hospital and maternity ward administrators

4) Steps for deployment:

  • Identify hospitals that frequently experience power outages throughout the developing world.
  • Scale up the production and distribution of solar suitcases to these hospitals.
  • Develop a monitoring and evaluation system to track the use of solar suitcases, for childbirth and other emergency situations, in order to further justify the need for solar suitcases in hospitals with limited and unreliable access to electricity, and to improve the technology.