Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM)

Problem: Currently, there is a large demand for the integration of low-altitude Unmanned Aerial System Operations, but there exists no established infrastructure to enable and safely manage the operations.

  • Unmanned aircrafts can be used for various servies from goods delivery and infrastructure surveillance, to search and rescue, and agricultural monitoring
  • UTM system would enable safe and efficient airspace operations by providing services such as airspace design, dynamic geofencing, severe weather and wind avoidance, congestion management, route planning and as well as others
  • System will not require human operators to monitor yet can monitor every vehicle continuously

This graphic is a notional scenario that shows a few applications for small UAV, including agriculture, surveillance, photography, search and rescue, and cargo delivery.

http://utm.arc.nasa.gov/index.shtml

Stakeholders: The stakeholders involved in the approval and implementation of this system would include the FAA, private companies, recreational users as well as others.

The implementation effort would require thorough testing and trials to insure that the analytics and sensors work effectively. This effort would require communication between the different stakeholders and would need to be funded by an oversight agency. Once these steps have been initiated the different user entities can partake in the system’s operation.

Smart Signals to Help Ease Traffic in Dubai

1) Dubai has been working to reduce congestion within the city as traffic-related delays have made driving an unsustainable method of transportation.

2) Dubai is incorporating SCOOT, which is a smart system of monitors and sensors buried beneath the road surface that can manage the timing of traffic lights to current levels of congestion.

  • 408 traffic intersections will be SCOOT enabled
  • Traffic lights will be linked with wireless technology and can be controlled remotely
  • The system also enables diagnosing, managing and synchronisation of the timing remotely
  • Reduces the risk of loss in connectivity which could result in traffic light malfunction, causing traffic jam

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http://gulfnews.com/news/uae/transport/smart-signals-to-help-ease-traffic-in-dubai-1.1549479

3) The stakeholders that need to be involved in the implementation of this are mostly government authority, including the Roads and Transport Authority (RTA). Implementation will also require the knowledge and expertise of consultants and construction management companies. Additionally, local interests, including commerce and business entities may attempt to weigh-in on the timing of certain traffic lights for their individual business advantage.

4) The implementation of this is expensive and cumbersome as it requires much of the existing roadway to be taken up for the strategic placement of the sensors. This system, though once fully enabled, will require very little maintenance and annual operating costs. The RTA will need constant oversight of the implementation and will need to monitor the system and evaluate its performance once fully installed.

Head Up Displays Can Improve Driving Efficiency

1) There is a great need to improve the efficiency of motorists including decision making and distraction limitation when behind the wheel.

2) Head Up display is a technology that visually projects data onto the windshield of a car as illustrated below.

  • This technology can be synced with apps such as Waze to project information to help drivers anticipate the upcoming roadway conditions
  • Settings for speed monitoring, navigation and parking can be illuminated
  • Possibility to connect this technology with long-range sensors that can detect and highlight upcoming animals to prevent roadkill population
  • Can be used as a safer alternative for communication rather than mobile devices

Can head up displays really improve driver safety ?

Article: Can head up displays really improve driver safety?

Read more: http://www.itproportal.com/2015/07/01/driver-safety-better-off-with-without-head-up-displays/#ixzz3elmgw73F

3) Stakeholders who would be involved in the use and implementation of this technology include: Car manufacturers, drivers, shipping companies, DOT, insurance companies, variety of app developers

4) In order for this technology to be deployed, studies and tests would need to be conducted to evaluate the impact of usage for the driver. Upon the result of positive results, it would then need to be further evaluated by the regulating government authorities who would create policy on usage, function and application specifications. Then the technology would need to be standardized, produced and installed.

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Automatic Train Braking System

1. In light of recent train derailment events, the need for fail-safe braking systems to prevent speeds that exceed the infrastructure’s capacity has become more necessary.

http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-amtrak-automatic-braking-20150516-story.html

AP AMTRAK CRASH CONGRESS A FILE USA PA

2.

  • Federal Railroad Administration has ordered Amtrak to evaluate all rail lines to identify “hot spot” areas where trains should reduce speeds.
  • FRA has also ordered Amtrak to install automated speed control systems on all northbound trains that pass the curve where the most recent derailment occurred.
  • The automated train speed control system will act as a fail safe for human error.

3. Stakeholders for this technology currently include the FRA and Amtrak as they have been working to install these systems on specific train routes. The future of this technology may spread into other local train service providers throughout the country if mandated by the FRA. Additionally, the FTA (Federal Transit Administration) may decide to mandate this technology to be incorporated into transit systems throughout the country.

4. This technology can be deployed from the following methodology:

A. Engineering and testing of automated braking system to ensure quality and reliability

B. Establishment of an industry standard for train speeds and parameters at which the system will operate within.

C. Mandate that the system becomes installed in the jurisdiction’s train systems. Use of federal and local grants can help service providers implement this sooner.

Shedding Light on Smart Street Lamps

1) Street lamps are expensive to operate and maintain, as electricity prices continue to increase and costs for changing bulbs are realized frequently. This is energy inefficient and is a detrimental expense to city budgets.

2)

  • GE has created a super-efficient LED street lamp that can last 20 years
  • These lamps are capable of video monitoring and have weather and light sensors
  • Can save 50-70% of electricity costs compared with traditional bulbs
  • Can be useful for monitoring traffic and safety concerns; useful for transportation planners and crime prevention
  • Bulbs will not need to be changed nearly as frequently as traditional bulbs.

http://techcrunch.com/2015/04/16/ge-spotlights-new-smart-street-lamps/

3) This technology is great for cities that have ambitious sustainability goals and for all municipalities as it is will be cost-beneficial in the long-run.

4) This technology can be adopted by procuring the new light fixtures. The creation of a federal grant program for municipalities may be one strategic way of increasing the rate at which this is adopted throughout the country.