Turning smog into diamonds can be realistic

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Technology:

Smog Free Project consists of a 7m tower that sucks in the pollution from the air and converts it into diamonds. The Smog Free Tower cleans 30.000m3 per hour without ozon, runs on green wind energy and uses no more electricity than a waterboiler (1400 watts). The prototype was successfully implemented in Rotterdam, and is soon being implemented by the government in China.

Article: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/why-turning-smog-into-diamonds-isn-t-as-crazy-as-it-sounds/

and https://www.studioroosegaarde.net/project/smog-free-project/info/

Sustainability challenge:

For most developing nations the cost of achieving development has to be paid by the environment. Using different technologies to offset or manage this cost is a good balance between the much needed development and the environmental sustainability. Doing this requires a different way of thinking and approaching the problem.

We already know about the smog problem in China. Smog is a problem for most other nations. The Smog Free Project uses technology to convert the problem to a product of great value.

Stakeholders:

  • Governments
  • Project developers (designers, architects and engineers)
  • Marketers and sellers
  • Citizens on that region/nation
  • Businesses
  • International NGO’s (like the World Economic Forum)

Process of implementation:

The process of implementation will take a while. The pilot project was successful in Rotterdam. To take this forward will require multiple partnerships to work in tandem with successful implementation of technology. The article (and the videos) elaborate on the complexity of this problem in great detail.

The process in brief would include: Deploying these towers in strategic locations -> Converting the smog into diamonds -> Implementing other policy and technology initiatives that won’t hinder economic growth and would still help reduce pollution -> Create a market for these diamonds and jewelry (possibly use De Beers marketing tactics).

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Electronic Waste Water Filter

Water contaminated with solid and electronic waste at the landfill at Vijyaipura, on the outskirts of Bangalore, India.

1) Sustainability Problem: Toxins in Water

Technology has create electronic waste in waters. It creates toxic environments and destroys natural habitats and processes.

2) Technology: A water filter to remove electronic waste

article: http://www.worldwaterweek.org/american-student-wins-2015-stockholm-junior-water-prize-for-revolutionizing-method-to-remove-electronic-waste-from-water/

  • Created by American student, Perry Alagappan, who won the 2015 Stockholm Junior Water Prize for this revolutionizing method to remove toxic waste from water
  • Uses nanotechnology to create a first-of-its-kind filter
  • Removes 99% of heavy metal contaminants from drinking and industrial wastewater
  • The solution is scalable from household to industrial use

3) Stakeholders:

  • Perry Alapaggan
  • Technology manufacturers/providers
  • Areas with toxic water problems
  • Water management facilities

4) Implementation

  • Scale the project and define the first target location/group
  • Determine costs for the target location
  • Fund raise for the costs of the target location
  • Prove whether or not the technology works and is beneficial when applied to target location

Water ATMs Bring Relief to India’s Slums

  1. Sustainability Problem

Water: Clean water is a basic necessity for everyone’s standard of living. It is needed for basic health and nutrition. However, in places like India, millions do not have access to clean water. In fact, India has the world’ highest number of people without access to clean water. Thus, innovative ways to distribute clean water in places like India is needed.

Source: http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2016-03-22/india-has-the-most-people-without-clean-water-report-says

  1. Technology

Article: Solar-Powered ATMs Bring Clean Water to India’s Slums  

by Jeremy Hsu

Link: http://www.reuters.com/article/pakistan-solar-water-idUSL5N0Y51MO20150514

  • The solar-powered ATM dispenses water after the authentication of a scanned card, where the user can start and stop the flow of water
  • A flow control meter measures how much water is dispensed and sensors measure the amount of water still available
  • Each family is allowed a maximum of 30 liters of clean drinking water
  • Government can track water quality and quantity in real-time online to cut down water-waste
  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • Government of Punjab
  • Punjab Saaf Pani
  • Innovations for Poverty Alleviation
  • Investors
  • General Public
  1. Implementation
  • Punjab Saaf Pani and Poverty Alleviation Lab are planning to install the water dispenser at 20 filtration plants to benefit 17,500 families
  • The organizations trying to acquire $23, 500 of funding in aid from UK Department of International Development to put the technology into production and install more of them in Punjab
  • The clean water drinking water project aims to provide more than 35 million people with water in 2 years in the region

Source:  https://propakistani.pk/2015/05/14/solar-powered-water-atms-will-provide-clean-drinking-water-in-punjab/

Conceptos Plasticos (Plastic Concepts)

Sustainability Problem:

This technology is addressing plastic waste pollution, by transforming used plastic into bricks. Plastic can take up to 500 years to biodegrade and 75% of plastic produced globally is in a landfill or not formally disposed of.

Technology:

  • The industrial process is called extrusion
  • Uses a multilayered plastics, mixtures of different plastics and rubber to make a quality construction material
  • The bricks are shaped into pieces that interlock with each other making the pieces connect like a puzzle.

Stakeholders:

  • Government
  • Waste Management Facilities
  • People without homes

How to deploy this technology:

  • Estimate cost of extrusion process
  • Estimate amount of plastic needed
  • Involve Waste Management Facilities

References:

Oscar Mendes The man who  provides decent housing for the homeless while reducing waste plastic.

 

 

Denim Made out of Ocean Plastic

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Problem: Plastics in the Oceans

Today, the Earth’s oceans are littered with millions of tons of plastic, wreaking havoc on animal and plant life in the water. This does not only affect the wildlife, but humans who rely on them for food and or business

Technology: “How a Pair of Jeans Could Save our Planet’s Plastic-Choked Oceans” by Issie Lapowsky

New York City-based startup, Bionic Yarn, has created a way to make fabric from recycled ocean plastic and turn it into denim products. The products are woven with some nine tons of ocean plastic inside. One of the company’s yarns is FLX, which is is made completely of recovered plastic. Their patented technology heats and spins together dozens of RPET strands to make new and improved yarn

Stakeholders:

Bionic Yarn tech engineers/designers

Technological partners

Design Collaborators

Fashion designers

Clothing retailers

Customers

Implementation:

In order to implement this technology on a large-scale, a number of investors need to be introduced

Fashion designers must begin to use the technology to introduce the innovation to the public and encourage its usage down the supply chain i.e. factories and low-end designers/retailers.  For example, Bionic Yarn has partnered with celebrity/designer, Pharrell Williams, who uses it in his G-Star Raw collections

The company should start a campaign marketing the technology to high-end textile suppliers, proving that this material can be recycled and high quality

Sources:

http://www.wired.com/2014/08/bionic-yarns/

http://www.bionicyarn.com/

https://www.g-star.com/en_us

 

 

 

Translucent Solar Noise Barriers (SONOBS) in the Netherlands

Form meets function.  A Dutch researcher from the Eindhoven University of Technology has designed a new luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) panel which is thinner, cheaper and aesthetically pleasing. On June 18 several test panels were installed along the busy A2 highway as a pilot project for a new product which combines the need for solar energy capture with noise abatement.  Michael Debije, assistant professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, designed the panels to reabsorb light as they channel it to the solar arrays at their edges.  The light is then transferred to conventional panels at the sides. This results in enough electricity to power 50 homes from one kilometer (0.62 miles).

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The Technology

  • SONOBS – Solar Noise Barriers
  • luminescent solar concentrators (LSC) = translucent sheets bounce light internally to the edges of the panels, where it’s beamed onto regular solar panels in concentrated form
  • solar cells are hidden in the frame of the barrier
  • works under the gray skies of Northern Europe
  • Currently being tested along A2 highway

The Sustainability Problem

  • Suitable for urban areas
  • Shields noise without cutting off view
  • Produces renewable energy
  • Reduces reliability on non-sustainable electricity
  • Future: expansion throughout the Netherlands, international market

The Technology Stakeholders

  • Scientists and academics
  • Businesses (producers of technology and energy consumers)
  • Suppliers of component parts
  • Individual residents/consumers
  • Utilities
  • Local councils and Governments

The Steps to Technology Implementation

  • Continue “living lab” tests in Den Bosch, Netherlands
  • Measure the electrical output and explore business models
  • Identify business cases for the end user(s)

VIDEO: 

Smart Palms: WiFi Palm Trees in Dubai, UAE

Each solar powered tree is a sustainable recharge station with eight access points.  It provides complimentary WiFi out to 100 meters. In addition to being a hotspot, the Smart Palm displays security and emergency features and is completely powered by leaf-shaped photovoltaic solar panels.  Public information and government notices are displayed on digital outdoor screens with an opportunity for paid advertisements as well.  Users are encouraged to sit and relax while using the high-speed recharging stations (2.5 times faster) and free internet.

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Smart Palm Features

Technology

  • Provides internet to beachgoers and park visitors
  • Currently installed at Zabeel Park and at the beach near Burj Al Arab in Dubai (with plans for expansion)
  • About 260 people use the wifi service each day, with 31 devices recharged daily
  • UAE has a high smartphone concentration; connectivity in demand
  • Fits Smart City plan as build up to hosting next “World Expo 2020” (held every 5 years)
  • Establishes valuable network for mobile data capture

Sustainability Problem

  • Clean and green approach to power supply
  • Renewable form of energy; stores power for later use
  • Keeps citizens and visitors connected
  • Reduces demand on traditional power grid
  • Dubai is most populous city in UAE
  • Uses resources from the natural world
  • Future application: Smart Palm technology can expand to more cities/locations

Technology Stakeholders

  • D Idea Media, founding company/creators
  • Local government and agencies that disseminate public information (Dubai Municipality, etc.)
  • City planners and managers who access data (usage, mobility, etc.)
  • Suppliers of component parts
  • Individual smartphone users/passersby who access or view touch screens
  • Retailers, service providers and researchers who value collected data

Technology Implementation

  • Determine economic efficiency/profitability; cost of Smart Palm tech vs ROI (value of data collected)
  • Start with pilot project, monitor results
  • Adjust locations as necessary; replicate in desirable areas
  • Share new technology and best practices

VIDEO: