Sustainability problem: Traffic congestion and pollution
Traffic congestion and the amount of emissions that result from it are an increasingly severe problem in today’s growing megacities.
- BMV proposes a network of bike lanes above street level, called E3 Way for elevated, electric and efficient, to help megacities fight traffic congestion and reduce emissions by making cycling safer and more convenient.
- The network would be exclusive for electric bikes and two-wheelers, and it would have a speed limit of 15.5 mph. It would also have ramps and sluice systems to handle merging.
- Cameras would be used to monitor the flow of traffic with the help of AI, and most of the lanes would have a roof to facilitate its use during rainy days.
- The concept is said to have a modular design, making it suitable to use in any megacity and relatively economical to build.
- Local city government
- Department of transportation
- Cycling advocates
- Environmental department
- Bicycle ride-sharing companies
- Flexibilize the concept to allow for non-electric bikes to use the network.
- Partner with a bike-intense city to generate a localized project that solves a specific problem
- Implement the solution and expand the concept to other cities
Comment: Smart Parking Meters
“The article mentions that the Park Smarter App also facilitates the process of paying for parking with the help of single sign-on and integration with services like Visa Checkout.”
Problem: Trucks and other large commercial vehicles often travel in isolation. Their size and slow acceleration requires substantial fuel resources and they often have negative impacts to traffic flows on busy roadways.
Solution: Truck platooning pairs two trucks, one which is operated conventionally and the other partially operated. This linking strategy enables trucks to take up less space on streets than if they were to operate independently. It also saves fuel for the follower.
- The city of Columbus is hosting a trial of two-truck platoons for a busy roadway that leads to a major logistics hub.
- Partially operated trucks follow traditionally operated ones. Software by Peloton Technology pairs the two vehicles so that speed, controlled braking, and controlled acceleration are automatically in sync.
- The lead truck cuts through the air and wind to reduce drag for the follower, thus increasing its fuel efficiency.
- This trial is a precursor to a future where self-driving trucks will follow traditionally operated vehicles.
- truck and freight operators
- municipal transportation agencies
Next 3 Steps:
- record and measure results from platoon trial
- share results and findings with transportation agencies nationwide
- establish federal standards for truck platooning
1) Sustainability Problem: Roadway lighting serves as a vital safety feature for busy streets and highways where visibility is essential. Roadway lights can also indicate the difference between a pedestrian and a car zone. However, light pollution and meeting today’s demanding energy reduction ambitions is getting challenging. Forecasts indicate that 5 billion people (60% of the world’s population) will live in cities by 2050 and, according to the International Energy Agency, the overall demand for lighting will be 80% higher by 2030 than in 2005. Moreover, sea level rise and flooding is another major problem for future of the street lighting and everything with LEDs and cables would have died there in the sea.
2) Technological Solutions: Studio Roosegaarde is creating magic through light: Smart Highway, Van Gogh Bike Path, and ICOON AFSLUITDIJK comprise the creation of a subtle layer of light and interaction on an iconic 32-kilometer-long dike that protects the Netherlands against flooding. Studio Roosegaarde presents three designs of light and communication, called GATES OF LIGHT, WINDVOGEL, and GLOWING NATURE.
A Smart Highway
-A smart highway that replaces energy-wasting streetlamps with specially designed “Glowing Lines.”
-Proven the feasibility of N329- Road of the Future, perhaps Roosegaarde can begin developing a plan for the dynamic paint, electricity-generating windmills, and motion-sensing lights
Van Gogh Bike Path
-The path is illuminated by thousands of twinkling stones that feature glow-in-the-dark technology and solar-powered LED lights.
-The entire route is 335 kilometers (208 miles) long
-For the GATES OF LIGHT entrance at both sides of the dyke, they applied retro-reflective prisms to the buildings, which light up by the headlamps of passing cars.
-After sunset Drive through GATES OF LIGHT after sunset and bring the floodgates to life through the headlamps of your car, as an alternative to polluting street lights!”
– Each WINDVOGEL kite generates 20 to 100 kW, supplying energy for 200 households.
-GLOWING NATURE shows the beauty of nature Studio Roosegaarde works with live algae, one of the oldest microorganisms in the world. They created the world’s largest luminous algae site!”
-Moreover, all of them are art installations of the 21st century
#smartcity #futureroad #lightpollution #smartart #smarthighway #lights #energyefficiency #flooding #safety #health #sustainability #smartcity #BT2443
3) Key stakeholders and their role in the implementation:
–City, state, and government municipals support and include their plan for the new highway and innovation of the road, dams and bike paths encourage private sectors and local artists partner with innovators-Financial Institutions-Financing future road projects
-Educate youth through art and technology on the road safety and light pollution and smart energy consumption
4) Steps Deploying Technology:
-Build prosperous environment for the utility companies to use technology and art and financial institutions finance utility companies
-Within Public Private People’s Partnership educate each stakeholder how to avoid light pollution that could influence our health and at the same time save energy and money
-Educate youth road safety and art through future roads.
I recommend cities across the globe duplicate projects. Moreover, music festivals could use innovations to decrease their GHG emission and light pollution.
1) Sustainability Problem: Vehicle Congestion and Air Pollution
For city residents, traffic is a huge environmental problem as well as a nuisance. Too many drivers on the road cause delays, decrease productivity, and increase air pollution. According to the EPA, “vehicles produce roughly one-half of pollutants like VOCs, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter” and 75% of CO2 emissions are from automobiles.
2) Sustainability Technology: UPS Cargo Bikes
Vehicles emissions are a growing concern for policy-makers who are beginning to recognize the emissions and climate change impacts of freight transportation. They are starting to look at the role of technology can play in delivering goods more reliable and in a more sustainable fashion. They are also looking to reduce congestion, improve road safety, and decrease CO2 emissions that lead to health risks and climate change. Large retailers are partnering with cities to improve freight transport and UPS has proven to be one such leader with the inception of their Cargo-bikes. Since their release in 2012 in Hamburg, Germany, UPS has had a lot of success with their Cargo bikes and they are now rolling them out (literally) in the Northeast, starting with Pittsburg in the United States and Toronto in Canada. Although the bikes hold much less capacity than their vans, they are looking to improve the technology to allow for an increase in capacity. The rider must power the bike to pull the heavy cargo which as has been the biggest challenge. However, the bikes now come with e-assist. Through either a battery pack or solar panels on the roof of the cargo bin, the bike can have enough supply to help move the wheels for up to 18 hours. Plus, pedaling the bikes helps to recharge the batteries while the driver is on the go!
3) Technology Stakeholders
- Public Officials
- City Agencies (Department of Transportation)
- City Residents
- Small Businesses
- Locate small to medium-sized city where congestion is such a problem
- Using the Toronto model, and ones that have been successful in Europe, introduce 5 UPS cargo bikes throughout the city
- Test this out and if successful, add 5 more bikes to the fleet
- Once cargo bikes are successful, launch campaign to provide awareness on the issue of congestion to city residents and how it is being combatted by this technology
- Repeat model in other cities
5) Comment on Other Blog Post: https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/16/newater-is-tackling-island-nations-primary-challenge/#comments
- Rapid population increase in Seoul, South Korea, as a result of post-war migration and an economic boom in the 1950’s.
- There are 50 times more cars on Seoul’s roads now than in the 1970’s.
Solution: Smart Transportation Management
- In 2004, the city began to overhaul it’s public transportation and road system through the use of data collection and consequently, through monitoring public transport and traffic in real-time.
- The Seoul Traffic Vision 2030 was presented in 2013, including public transport, roads, side-walks, city railway systems as a systemic recommendation for improvement.
“By 2030, the city of Seoul will have evolved into a city with a highly convenient transport system, where people will not need to rely on their cars.” – Seoul Traffic Vision 2030
- Smart ticket systems and cameras monitor subway congestions, road-based sensors monitor traffic flows, and an in-built GPS system monitors taxi movement in the city, which feed into a central system used to post updates on digital roadside billboards and traffic reporting platforms, such as online.
- Through this, buses, cars and trains can be maneuvered in the most efficient way.
- The city has also focussed on pedestrianization, getting more people out of cars and onto walkways. An example of this is the Seoullo 7017 walkway, which makes use of an abandoned highway overpass as a new pedestrian route.
Seoul Traffic Vision 2030: Website
- All commuters
- Municipal government
- City planners
- Business owners (large employers of the commuter base population)
Steps to Implementation:
- Sensor installation
- Overall system analyses (data collection)
- System re-design
- Infrastructure improvements
- Further sensor installation in new systems
- Training of transport officials
- Public awareness of alternative routes and optimal travel methods, and availability of platforms to independently track these
- Adoption of system commuter recommendations
- Measurement and monitoring
- Additional installations as technology improves
Comment on Plastic Bottle Concrete:
Another article on this topic (Link) says that the plastic needs to be irradiated with gamma rays in oder to change the crystalline structure (ie. more cross linkages in the lattice lead to stronger concrete when mixed with plastic). It would be interesting to analyze how much this irradiation process would cost on an industrial scale when incorporated into cement production.
Problem: Conventional traffic control systems have timed signals and are unable to make adjustments based on real-time traffic conditions. This leads to predictable traffic backups and congestion during peak commuting hours, as well as increased vehicle emissions from stalled vehicles.
Solution: Adaptive traffic controls that will adjust signal timing based on real time data on traffic conditions to help vehicles move more efficiently in high-traffic corridors.
- Seattle’s Department of Transportation adopted a smart adaptive traffic control system for a high-traffic corridor in the growing South Lake Union neighborhood.
- Sensors detect vehicles in every lane of every intersection along the route to determine traffic conditions.
- Algorithms process the data to predict traffic flows and adjusts the amount of time available to each movement through intersections to inform signal timing.
- The system is able to predict and adapt to congestion that from rush hour, sports events, concerts, and other special events.
- transportation departments
- surface transit (bus, streetcar)
First 3 Steps:
- measure improvements in traffic flow from adaptive traffic controls
- identify additional high-traffic corridors for next phase
- implement adaptive control systems in all high traffic corridors
Comment on “Ocean Cleanup”
The anchor and ballast concept is key in slowing down the system to capture the floating plastic that moves faster. In addition, the natural forces on the water helps position the system where the highest concentration of trash is to make it even more efficient.
Problem: By 2050, there will be 370 million people in China over the age of 65, with an increased life expectancy and a resulting increasing burden on existing infrastructure. Many elderly people live alone or with others who are less capable of assisting them with their increasing medical needs, and access to such services is burdensome and logistically challenging to those with mobility hindrances.
Solution: mHealth – the use of communication technology to deliver medical attention and information.
- Elderly people with restricted mobility can go through the process of “visiting a doctor” without leaving their homes.
- Numerous companies are providing platforms for this, including Chunuyisheng.com, Ali Health, iCarbonx and the Ningbo Cloud Hospital.
- Wearable technology is becoming incorporated rapidly to provide real-time data inputs, which has value beyond patient care in a sample group as large as China, where data on this scale can be used for genomic medical studies, and population-wide health management.
- Data mining combined with machine learning can bring new levels of insight to topics such as disease, aging, and treatment adoption, as well as provide tailored healthcare solutions to individuals based on a variety of lifestyle indicators.
- This is an unquantified investment opportunity for a number of stakeholders, including medical care providers, pharmaceutical companies, online medical retailers, medical transport services.
- Department of Heath
- Private Healthcare Companies
- Patients (specifically the elderly)
Step to Deployment:
- With significant scale, the adoption of these smart health systems can be incentivized or even mandated throughout elderly healthcare facilities, to begin to develop the necessary database and sample data.
- Government adoption of the technology and subsidization, through an elderly support program, may help to reach elderly citizens who are more financially restricted.
- Training for both users of the technology and well as the sales force who will be distributing it.
Sustainability Problem: Energy
Pavegen technology was founded in 2009 in order to build sustainable environments. It aims to connect people with clean energy and also to bring awareness about changing behaviors.
It is a multifunctional custom flooring system. The tiles are sensitive to the weight of the people and as people step on them it causes ‘electromagnetic induction generators to vertically displace, which results in a rotatory motion that generates off-grid electricity’.
This technology turns kinetic energy into renewable electricity. As people walk on the path, they light their way (one footstep is enough to light an LED lightbulb for 20 seconds).
Brands and agencies
Deployment of the technology:
1. Continue working on scaling up the technology
2. Initiate integrating the technology worldwide to cities where streets are most occupied by pedestrians
Comment on “3D printing help tackle poverty and plastic waste”
Cities can get smart taking control of their electrical grid and electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure as a means of addressing urban growth. Boulder, Colorado is making a run at it but few outside Germany have taken a serious move in this direction for it requires a long-term vision. Seeking this urban planning route is not always initiated for economical reasons. Boulder, for instance, is driven to engage as a means of increasing renewable energy sources in their electricity generation fuel mix. Here’s the catch, this approach may not a scalable or sustainable solution for all cities Mega cities; no way anytime soon. Rural environments; not likely ever needed. So, Boulder just happens to sit in the Goldilocks Zone but even with it being “just right” the increasing digitalization of the electric grid and new sources of distributed energy will make this endeavor a tenuous pursuit.
Years ago I was involved in dozens of negotiations with municipalities throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Many desired to “take control” of and then offer, as a public service, wireless Internet services for their citizens. The complexities in equipment management and selection, maintenance, and budgeting were often solely regarded in the context of whether to make the WiFi a free or a for a fee amenity to subscribers. Thing is, that’s not where the root challenge existed. Even a little bit of education in these matters achieved a stakeholder stalemate for trying to figure out how to convert a privatized service into a public good without causing bias to an ongoing free market was no simple matter. The concept of a public-private partnership was alien.
Dealing with increasing urbanization today requires a systemic stakeholder analysis and just the right sitting of pilot efforts in advance of any at-scale execution plans. To date few cities have taken this approach but Toronto, Canada is on the way.
“...We are designing a district in Toronto’s Eastern Waterfront to tackle the challenges of urban growth…Sidewalk Toronto will combine forward-thinking urban design and new digital technology to create people-centered neighborhoods that achieve precedent-setting levels of sustainability, affordability, mobility, and economic opportunities” – Sidewalk Labs
To do as Sidewalk Labs proposes there must be an integration of technologies, policies, and financial mechanisms that allow for private and public implementation plans to surface, ones in service of many stakeholders.
- SAMPLE TECHNOLOGIES AT PLAY
- Smart Meters – pair with visualization tools and software platforms
- Electric Vehicles (EVs) – pair with charging infrastructure
- Battery Swapping – a la Better Place & maybe soon to be Telsa
- Smart Parking Systems – citywide planning on sitting requirements
- Renewable Distributed Energy Resources (DER) – solar & storage microgrids
- Software Platforms – generation, distribution, & consumption load balancing
- IMPLEMENTATION APPROACHES
- Analyze long-tailpipe electricity generation fuel mixes
- Promote EVs and pilots ONLY in cities that have clean fuel sources
- Establish population growth and transport demand metrics
- Conduct customer interviews to fit future needs
- Create intelligent city policies to cater to DER and EV microgrids
- Engage private-sector electric mobility companies
- Educate citizens on mobility and clean energy options
- Build neighborhood based pilots
- Engage citizens via engagement workshops for updates
- Prepared to pivot for at-scale execution
- STAKEHOLDERS TO ENGAGE
- City Planners & Urban Designers
- Public Entities and Administrators
- Private Technology Providers
- EV Manufacturers & Infrastructure Providers
- Load Balancing Software Solution Providers
- Private and/or Public Electric Utilities
JMB2408 COMMENT TO ANOTHER BLOG POST (Leaf Plates):
This is an excellent solution to consumption and in turn waste. If this was a compostable solution that can be put to use in the local houseplant or compost pile then we’re talking about a dream conversion in consumption to waste. The other thing that would be amazing is to see this scale to shipping boxes or other high consumption transport items. Awesome find, thanks for sharing.