Smart Parking Meters

Screenshot 2017-11-23 22.11.43

Sustainability Problem: street parking and payment 

Finding close-by street parking can be a frustrating endeavor, and equally frustrating is that one often has to find enough quarters in the wallet, to keep track of parking time, and to return to the car to add time.

Sustainability Technology: Smart Parking Meters

  • The Park Smarter App allows drivers to connect directly to a physical parking meter and pay with their smartphone.
  • The App also prompts the driver when the meter is about to expire, and offers the ability to add time from the phone without needing to go back to the car.
  • The App also comes with the Parking Finder tool telling drivers where inactive meters (i.e. free parking spaces) are.

Organizational Stakeholders that Will Use the Technology:

  • Parking Administrator for the City
  • Department of Transportation
  • Individual drivers

First 3 Steps in Deploying the Technology:

  1. Conduct pilots in selected areas of cities with high volume of meter traffic.
  2. Collect data from the pilots: compare parking revenues before and after introduction of the technology, as it should improve city’s parking revenue; conduct surveys from drivers on the technology comparing with traditional coin-based parking meter.
  3. Leveraging on success and experience learned from the pilots, branch out to other cities and areas.

Sources:

It’s about ‘time’: Parking meters are becoming smarter

App-Enabled Meters to Replace ‘the Boot’ in Delray Beach, Fla.

Comment:

Communicating without Internet Access Using Mesh Networks“: Very handy technology to provide connectivity when traditional internet network is either unavailable or unaffordable. The company can partner up with hardware companies, such as MeshPoint (it provides relief WiFi hotspot for disasters and outdoor areas), to refine the technology and provide a holistic solution.

 

Roads Of The Future

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1) Sustainability Problem: Roadway lighting serves as a vital safety feature for busy streets and highways where visibility is essential. Roadway lights can also indicate the difference between a pedestrian and a car zone. However, light pollution and meeting today’s demanding energy reduction ambitions is getting challenging. Forecasts indicate that 5 billion people (60% of the world’s population) will live in cities by 2050 and, according to the International Energy Agency, the overall demand for lighting will be 80% higher by 2030 than in 2005. Moreover, sea level rise and flooding is another major problem for future of the street lighting and everything with LEDs and cables would have died there in the sea.

2) Technological Solutions: Studio Roosegaarde is creating magic through light: Smart Highway, Van Gogh Bike Path, and  ICOON AFSLUITDIJK comprise the creation of a subtle layer of light and interaction on an iconic 32-kilometer-long dike that protects the Netherlands against flooding. Studio Roosegaarde presents three designs of light and communication, called GATES OF LIGHT, WINDVOGEL, and GLOWING NATURE.

A Smart Highway

-A smart highway that replaces energy-wasting streetlamps with specially designed “Glowing Lines.”

-Proven the feasibility of N329- Road of the Future, perhaps Roosegaarde can begin developing a plan for the dynamic paint, electricity-generating windmills, and motion-sensing lights

Van Gogh Bike Path

-The path is illuminated by thousands of twinkling stones that feature glow-in-the-dark technology and solar-powered LED lights.

-The entire route is 335 kilometers (208 miles) long

VanGoghRoosegaarde6

Icoon Afluitdijk 

-For the GATES OF LIGHT entrance at both sides of the dyke, they applied retro-reflective prisms to the buildings, which light up by the headlamps of passing cars.

-After sunset Drive through GATES OF LIGHT after sunset and bring the floodgates to life through the headlamps of your car, as an alternative to polluting street lights!”

– Each WINDVOGEL kite generates 20 to 100 kW, supplying energy for 200 households.

-GLOWING NATURE shows the beauty of nature  Studio Roosegaarde works with live algae, one of the oldest microorganisms in the world. They created the world’s largest luminous algae site!”

-Moreover, all of them are art installations of the 21st century

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Beckett Mufson, “Roads Of The Future Are Here… And They Glow In The Dark”, Creators, Apr 14, 2014

Veerle Devos, “Daan Roosegaarde Does MAgic With Light,” November 2017

CNN Staff, “Bike path inspired by Van Gogh’s ‘Starry Night’ opens in Netherlands,”  November 14, 2014

#smartcity #futureroad #lightpollution #smartart #smarthighway #lights #energyefficiency #flooding #safety #health #sustainability #smartcity  #BT2443

3) Key stakeholders and their role in the implementation:

–City, state, and government municipals support and include their plan for the new highway and innovation of the road, dams and bike paths encourage private sectors and local artists partner with innovators-Financial Institutions-Financing future road projects

-Educate youth through art and technology on the road safety and light pollution and smart energy consumption

4) Steps Deploying Technology:

-Build prosperous environment for the utility companies to use technology and art and financial institutions finance utility companies

-Within Public Private People’s Partnership educate each stakeholder how to avoid light pollution that could influence our health and at the same time save energy and money

-Educate youth road safety and art through future roads.

I recommend cities across the globe duplicate projects. Moreover, music festivals could use innovations to decrease their GHG emission and light pollution. 

Other Sources:

http://www.darksky.org/light-pollution/

http://blogs.worldbank.org/energy/led-street-lighting-unburdening-our-cities

Click to access roadlighting_int-10_lr.pdf

https://studioroosegaarde.net/project/gates-of-light

 

Offshore Wind Power

Sustainability Issues

The demand for global energy is projected to keep increasing at a compound annual growth rate of 21% per year until 2021. In this worldwide quest for more renewable energy, offshore wind power stands as the future of the sector by producing 40% higher output than its onshore counterpart due to the abundance of space and greater, consistent wind resources. As the pioneer in offshore wind power, the EU has experienced huge offshore wind power expansion in recent years. 3,230 turbines are now installed and grid-connected in 11 countries, for a cumulative total of 11,027 MW. Currently, the US came onboard with its first offshore wind farm off Rhode Island in 2016.

Technology: Offshore Wind Turbine

  • Offshore wind speeds tend to be faster than on land. Small increases in wind speed yield large increases in energy production: a turbine in a 15-mph wind can generate twice as much energy as a turbine in a 12-mph wind. Faster wind speeds offshore mean much more energy can be generated.
  • Many coastal areas have very high energy needs. 53% of the United States’ population lives in coastal areas, with concentrations in major coastal cities. Building offshore wind farms in these areas can help to meet those energy needs from nearby sources.
  • Offshore wind farms have significantly smaller negative impact on aesthetics of the landscape compared to wind farms on land because most offshore wind farms are not visible from shore.
  • However, offshore wind farm remains very expensive to construct, maintain, and deliver energy back onshore

Stakeholders 

  • Department of Energy
  • Regional Utility Companies
  • Local Government
  • Legislation

Deployment 

  • Conduct a comprehensive study of offshore wind energy, select offshore locations with greatest wind potential and lowest environmental impact possible
  • Review existing regulation with regard to offshore project
  • Planning and Design
  • Form public-private-partnership between utility company and the local government

Source:

http://www.renewables-info.com/drawbacks_and_benefits/offshore_wind_power_–_advantages_and_disadvantages.html

https://www.siemens.com/global/en/home/markets/wind/offshore.html

UNI: MH3730

Nature-inspired water collection system

AquaWeb+inspirationsystem-aquaweb

  1. Sustainability Problem: In the next few decades, approximately 9 billion people will live in this planet, concentrating in urban areas. The current growth rate of food production won’t be enough to feed the mouths of everyone. Hence, a sustainable local food production solution will be in demand. Mimicking the way nature works, NexLoop created a water collection system to support urban sustainable agriculture.
  2. The AquaWeb can help urban local food producers collect, filter, store and distribute atmospheric moisture with a modular, all-in-one water sourcing and management system. Other features are as follows:
    • Harnesses freely available rain and fog
    • Distribute water using passive strategies to urban farms
    • Resilient to disturbances
    • Design and inspiration from cribellate orb weaver spider, drought-tolerant plants, and Jersey cow mushroom

Sources:

Nature-inspired water collection system wins $100,000 Ray of Hope Prize® – Biomimicry Institute

https://biomimicry.org/roh2017winner/

NexLoop | Home

http://www.nexloop.us/

  1. Stakeholders:
    • Citizens around the world
    • Urban farms
    • Agriculture industry
    • Building contractors and architects
    • Groceries and supermarkets
  2. Next steps:
    • Do a feasibility study and engage with stakeholders to improve relations
    • Reach an agreement on costs and economic outlook
    • Initiate pilot-scale project through government funding

 

By: Timothy Wiranata

UNI: tw2618

 

Comment on The benefits of waste-to-energy technologies:

“A very interesting technology! However, I am curious on what will be done after the methane is captured. There will still be the liquid waste water right? Will it be used for other applications?”

ShotSpotter Gunshot Detection System

Sustainability Issues

Gun-related violence has become a pressing issue in many communities and resulted in a high level of healthcare cost and productivity loss for society. While the gun violence issue has many underlying causes, mobilizing law enforcement to act effectively and efficiently after the occurrence of shooting incidents is critical in preventing further shootings from happening. However, 8 out of 10 gun violence incidents are never reported to law enforcement for many reasons. Therefore, reporting shooting incidents to police in a timely manner becomes the critical first step since they cannot respond effectively if unaware of the incident. “ShotSpotter” is designed to solve this issue and reduce gun-violence by detecting gunshots and notifying law enforcement for the location of the shooting incident.

Technology: ShotSpotter

  • Acoustic sensors (high-sensitivity microphones)  are installed in communities and buildings to detect gunshots in large and complex geographies
  • Once acoustic sensors identify and time-stamp impulsive noises (gunshot, the system then triangulates the location of the sound source to within 25 meters and runs features of the sound through machine classification
  • The Incident Review Center (IRC) human experts confirm the machine classification and publish an alert to law enforcement within 30-45 seconds
  • Notify law enforcement and first responders via a push notification, including precise location of the incident

Stakeholders 

  • Law Enforcement
  • Municipal Government
  • University Campus
  • Department of Transportation
  • Citizens

Deployment 

  • Law enforcement identify “hotspots” of gun-violence incidents and engage citizens for employing the technology
  • Local government launch a pilot program to install Shotspotters in the neighborhood
  • Monitor performance of the detection system and provide feedback to provider
  • Install Shotspotters on citywide scale, including street, university campus, and park

 

Source:

http://www.shotspotter.com

https://www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20160518/crown-heights/heres-how-nypds-expanding-shotspotter-system-hears-gunfire

UNI: MH3730

Blockchain technology for the public interest

Sustainability Problem: Citizen Engagement

  • Brazil’s most recent constitution, from 1988, created a form of “direct democracy,” that works as follows: If 1% of the voters sign a petition in support of a new law, the Brazilian Congress must recognize it as an official draft bill and vote it as such. Nowadays, you would need 1.5 million paper signatures for that.
  • Since 1988, this “direct democracy” mechanism has been used only four times, with limited success. Paper signatures do not work well for that process.
  • But what if we could remove the challenge of collecting 1.5 million paper signatures by collecting them digitally and then registering them with blockchain?

Technology: Mudamos, a blockchain-based application

app-mudamos

  • The Institute for Technology & Society (ITS Rio) recently launched “Mudamos “, a blockchain-based application that establishes the identity of voters (based on a unique identification number each voter and taxpayer receives from the government in Brazil), and allows them to formally express their support for social-driven draft bills.
  • The blockchain creates an immutable record of signatures, attached directly to the identity of the voter. Because of the blockchain and other certification mechanisms that ITS Rio is adopting, the possibility of fraud is much lower than when paper signatures are used.
  • These bills are not approved automatically. They must be voted on, just like any other bill of law. However, the simple possibility of introducing a new bill of law in Congress (or other State and City legislative houses) can lead to a new and promising relationship between social agendas and governments.

Stakeholders:

  • Congress
  • Residents
  • Groups of interest

Implementation:

  • The app has already been launched and it was downloaded by 600 thousand people in the first two months after its launch
  • Next steps are to monitor social-driven draft bills with necessary amount of votes that are introduced in the Congress
  • Develop a program evaluation of the app

Source

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solar-powered Vertical City is a self-sustaining, green-infused tower planted into the ocean floor

  1. Sustainability Problem: With rising sea levels and the ever-increasing population growth, alternative living solutions are in dire need. Italian architect Luca Curci has just unveiled a design that envisions a soaring zero-energy tower infused with greenery on each level that will be planted into the sea floor, resulting in what could be the future of self-contained architecture.
  2. The Vertical City tower is designed to reach a height of 2,460 feet with 180 floors. The tower will be layered with a membrane of photovoltaic glass to ensure there is sufficient energy for the entire building. Other features are as follows:
    • 190,000 square feet of mixed-use floor surface
    • Natural lighting due to perforated slots throughout the exterior
    • 66,000 feet of outdoor green space
    • Access possible through water, land or air

Sources:

Solar Vertical City is a self-contained, green-infused tower planted into the ocean floor| Inhabitat – Green Design, Innovation, Architecture, Green Building

https://inhabitat.com/luca-curci-envisions-a-living-vertical-city-powered-by-the-sun/

Vertical City | Luca Curci Achitects

http://www.lucacurci.com/portfolio/vertical-city.html

  1. Stakeholders:
    • Citizens around the world
    • The Gulf countries
    • Global and Local government
    • Building contractors and architects
    • Engineers
  2. Next steps:
    • Do a feasibility study and engage with stakeholders to improve relations
    • Reach an agreement on costs and economic outlook
    • Initiate the project or decrease scale of project (if denied by government)

 

By: Timothy Wiranata

UNI: tw2618

Comment on OLLI – the self-driving electric mini bus:

“A very innovative idea! However, my concern is, how would Olli cater to many different passengers’ destinations? Will it be able to find the most optimal route to drop each passenger (like Via)? Or will it drop the passengers one by one according to when they stepped into the bus?”

 

SIDEWALK Toronto

Sustainability problem: Cities that were designed for a different workforce and technology landscape need to be upgraded to be more efficient, comfortable, safe, human and environment focussed.

They are designing a district in Toronto’s Eastern Waterfront to tackle the challenges of urban growth, working in partnership with the tri-government agency Waterfront Toronto and the local community. This joint venture, called Sidewalk Toronto, aims to make Toronto the global hub for urban innovation.

171012_Sustainability.pngTechnology:

They are deploying multiple technologies aimed at various segments of urban innovation. Such as:

  • Self-driving technology and digital navigation tools can give rise to a next-generation, point-to-point transit system that complements pedestrian, cycling, and bus or rail options to improve convenience, reduce costs, and enhance street safety.
  • Better data integration, combined with more accessible community hubs that offer a variety of local services, enable a comprehensive approach to social and community services that delivers better outcomes to people at lower cost.
  • At the core of a future city is a layer of digital infrastructure that provides ubiquitous connectivity for all, offers new insights on the urban environment, and encourages creation and collaboration to address local challenges.

And many more.

Stakeholders:

  • City government
  • District Mayors office
  • Departments of transportation, housing, industry, technology,
  • Citizens
  • Urban designers, planners, technology specialists

171012_Mobility

Next steps:

For now they have set up 3 main initiatives:

1. Sense: this is a pilot lab focussed on using data driven technology to makeintersections, parks and open spaces more valuable and safe. For instance, tech-enabled signals could slow down vehicle traffic if average car speeds at a given intersection exceeded 20 mph (the threshold at which collisions with pedestrians become more deadly) or if they recorded a high number of near-misses. They could also hold crosswalk signals to leave more time for children, the elderly, or the disabled. If combined with new alert systems, in-car systems, or V2X technology, they could also potentially give drivers a more direct warning of pedestrians or cyclists in the area.

2. Model: This pilot lab explores tools that helps communities build consensus on sustainability, affordability and transportation needs. For instance, When cities tackle transportation problems, they create simulation models in which travelers move about cities: going to work, dropping children off at school, running errands. These simulations are based on theories of traveler behavior developed and tested by academics and practitioners. For example, one theory posits that travelers consider every minute waiting for a bus about twice as annoying as every minute riding on a bus. These theories are tested and calibrated against survey data collected by the Census Bureau and local governments. Once the simulations do an adequate job of replicating what’s happening today, they modify model inputs to simulate what might happen five, 10, or 20 years from now. These inputs may include a new transit service or wider roadways or higher bridge tolls or myriad other policy and planning ideas. The goal is to learn how people may benefit from, or be burdened by, these changes.

3. Host townhall meetings for citizens to share their ambitions, visions and input for their district.

What really dug into my curiously lens was how such an integrated approach to sustainability in cities can be done, particularly in older cities/neighbourhoods.

Also curious about how cities that cannot afford the retrofitting fees that come with this, can still bring about change in perhaps smaller ways but keeping the overall vision in perspective.

https://www.sidewalklabs.com/

https://sidewalktoronto.ca/

Comment on another post: https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/10/25/worlds-first-negative-emissions-plant/comment-page-1/#comment-1277

vk2384

 

BIOMETRIC GUN LOCK

Sustainability Issues

As the 2nd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution grants people the right to keep and bear Arms, 40% of the American households own at least one gun for protection. However, these legally obtained firearms are often used by unauthorized users to commit crimes after they are stolen and lost. Statistically, people who kill other people with guns in America acquire only 3% of their guns at gun stores while the other 97% are obtained through other means. Thus, preventing unauthorized use of firearms become critically important to protect not just our families but other innocent people from gun violence.

Technology: Biometric Gun Lock 

  • Sentinl, a Detroit-based startup is designing a biometric gun lock called Identilock. Attaching to a gun’s trigger, it unlocks only when the owner applies a fingerprint.
  • The size, weight and functionality of IDENTILOCK won’t inhibit common storage and staging methods of firearms.
  • IDENTILOCK provides quick access to working firearms in a crisis scenario when the authorized user put his or her fingertips to the biometric sensor, just like unlocking your phone.
  • IDENTILOCK prevents the use and discharge of the firearm by unintended and unauthorized users.

Stakeholders 

  • Gun owners
  • National Rifle Association (NRA)
  • Firearm manufacturers and dealers
  • Legislative bodies at federal and state level

Deployment 

  • Identify compatibility and feasibility of installing the biometric gun to majority of handguns in the U.S.
  • Launched a pilot program with local law enforcement to test the prototype
  • Gain legislative support from federal and state level for gun lock related products
  • Sell them at firearm dealers as a optional but recommended part

 

Source:

https://getidentilock.com

https://www.wired.com/2014/05/sentinl-gun-lock/

UNI: MH3730