Creating an IoT Network of Distributed Loads through EV Charging Stations

1. Sustainability problem: the contribution of the electric sector to climate change

Climate change is one of the most urgent issues of our time. The electric sector is a key culprit in driving this path as the economic sector contributing more to climate change than any other sector in the U.S. More specifically, the sector accounts for approximately 30% of the U.S. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Decarbonizing the electricity sector, while also making the aging power grid more modern, smart, and resilient is a prime challenge and opportunity.

Category: Energy

Source: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-04/documents/us-ghg-inventory-2016-main-text.pdf

2. Technology: IoT network of distributed loads through EV charging stations

Source: “eMotorWerks Acquired By Enel”, Clean Technica (https://cleantechnica.com/2017/10/26/emotorwerks-acquired-enel/)

  • This article discusses a growth company called eMotorWerks, which provides electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSEs) – a.k.a. charging stations — and aggregates these distributed loads into an IoT platform called JuiceNet
  • The technology not only allows for the chargers to be remotely controlled and charge EVs at the most cost effective times, but it also connects all of the EVSEs into a network of storage capacity that can respond to information from the grid and provide demand response services to utilities
  • For EV owners, using eMotorWerks’ solution can lower the cost of ownership as participation in demand response can provide them with additional revenue streams
  • This kind of demand response platform will be increasingly valuable in balancing the grid as more intermittent renewable energy enters the system
  • The platform also helps create a more resilient and distributed grid and system of resources

Tags: #energy #renewableenergy #ev #evse #demandresponse #smartgrid

3. Organizational stakeholders

This technology has a variety of different stakeholders. Residential EV owners can buy eMotorWerks’ EVSEs for their own homes. Commercial owners of EV fleets and/or charging infrastructure can also buy these EVSEs, use the software, and participate in the platform. Another key stakeholder is the utility, which can take advantage of the demand response services provided by the JuiceNet charging network. Last, other OEMs are stakeholders because eMotorWerks’ technology can be used in white-label deals.

4. Deployment

  1. Integrate eMotorWerks’ solution with Enel (utility that just acquired them) to maximize the value of the demand management services
  2. Continue forging relationships with OEMs to grow the size of the network
  3. Build stronger relationships with potential commercial customers to ensure wide public availability of charging infrastructure

5. Comment on other post

I commented on “Clean Meat and the Future of Food”

The clean meat industry has already received quite a bit of attention from established investors. Memphis Meat has raised $22 M from investors including Bill Gates, Richard Branson, Cargill (agriculture firm), DFJ (VC firm), and other VC firms and angel investors. These investments have been attracted by the potential that this technology has to disrupt the trillion-dollar meat industry which will only grow as emerging markets develop and consume more meat.

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How Internet-of-Things technology can assist with Urban Rainfall and Stormwater Management Systems

Uni: js5079 (Joshua Strake)

Links: SGIM, SGIM 2Array of Things, Urban Flooding

Sustainability Problem(s): Water, Safety

A growing challenge as storms become more intensely localized and the adage ‘when it rains it pours’ becomes more literal is the issue of what to do with all that water in an urban space. In nature, the water is efficiently absorbed into soil and supports trees and other flora. However in a city, the lack of these trees and soil is felt in two ways: first, the rain water has nowhere to be absorbed into and can result in flooding and contamination of the city’s water supply, and second, all that water can cause serious damage to ‘gray’ infrastructure that isn’t designed to handle a sudden deluge – things like streets, drainage pipes, and sidewalks.

This is where Chicago’s new initiative, the ‘Smart Green Infrastructure Monitoring’ (SGIM) project steps in:

Summary of SGIM

  • Utilizing IoT technology, SGIM looks to track rainfall conditions on Chicago’s streets. In addition to total rain, it also tracks thinks like temperature, moisture, air pressure, and other weather indicators.
  • SGIM is in beta right now, being tested in three locations. It is being tested in conjunction with green infrastructure, such as plant banks, and porous water-absorbing roads.
  • The goal of the sensors would be to best understand where changes are needed in Chicago’s water management infrastructure – sensors don’t absorb water, but they help understand where the problems are and how much infrastructure change is needed.
  • Chicago actually has a strong record of utilizing IoT to make the city ‘smarter’, and SGIM falls within the logic of their larger city-wide ‘Array-of-Things’ plan for a smartly monitored city.

Stakeholders

1 – City Digital, developers of SGIM

2 – City of Chicago policymakers, specifically their wastewater treatment plan executors, and their Array-of-Things project leaders.

3 – Citizens of Chicago who’s businesses and homes would be affected by wastewater

4 – Green Infrastructure and SGIM sensor builders and installers.

Three Deployment Steps

First, continue with the testing phase and make sure the project is working as desired

Second, establish a broader installation plan with the office of the city of Chicago

Third, engage manufacturers, contractors, and wastewater managers to produce, install, and use the data.

Connecting the World Through LoRa

Capture

  1. Sustainability Problem: Energy, Water, Waste, Civic Engagement, Safety and Health
  2. Technology: Semtech LoRa technology is a wireless, silicon microchip with long-range and low-power features for Internet of Things (IoT) operating under the LoRaWAN protocol developed by the LoRa Alliance – an open, non-profit organization. Through the LoRaWAN standards-based approach to building a LPWAN (low-power wide area network), quick public or private IoT networks can be accessed through the creation of gateways with end-devices such as LoRa, that are bi-directionally secure, mobile, and localized. These chips work through a spread-spectrum strategy to transmit at a variety of frequencies and data rates, connecting to other chips to create nodes which are then connected to gateways. These chips can be added to any device for connectivity to address issues such as water, energy and agricultural monitoring, as well as home security and hazard detection.
  3. Stakeholders:
    • Government for smart city development and community needs.
    • Industrial companies and their investors and employees that can benefit from monitoring carbon emissions, water/energy usage and waste management in order to cut spending, increase productivity and contribute to sustainability efforts.
    • Anything from schools, fleet and asset management, healthcare, to retail.
    • Households with children or elderly that are worried about safety.
  4. First 3 steps in deployment: 
    1. LoRa microchips are already on the market but marketing efforts should be increased for companies and cities to adopt this platform, in order to increase engagement of data collection for sustainability.
    2. Be strategic in deployment, ensure modernized network and management tools for non-stop information flow.
    3. With the microchips already in place, networks assessments to guarantee accuracy and security in case of cyber-attacks.

IoT for cold chains

Sustainability problem- Losses in the cold chain

The cold chain refers to the temperature-controlled part of a supply chain that involves a series of interrupted refrigeration, storage and distribution processes. Often, a departure from the prescribed temperature range can result in spoilage and can cost businesses and society immensely. Two prime examples of the sustainability challenges associated with cold chains are as follows-

  • The losses associated with cold chains in the pharmaceutical industry are estimated at $ 35 Billion in 2014. This involves spoilage of medicines that could have been delivered on time to mitigate healthcare costs to society
  • Spoilage of consumables and food, including shrinkage due to expired products. It is estimated that if the current levels of food loss and wastage are maintained, food production will need to increase by 70% in developing countries alone, which requires significant investments (~$83 Billion a year). There is also the risk of increasing pressure on limited resources and increasing GHG emissions associated with expanding agricultural activities

Mitigating losses in cold chains can save society billions of dollars in healthcare and nutrition investments.

Sustainability technology- IoT to manage cold chains (IMS Evolve, Tagbox)

  • The Internet of Things refers to the interconnected nature of physical and electronic devices in order to create a network that can collect and exchange data in real time. We have already seen examples of smart refrigerators that can pair up with your favourite voice-enabled assistant to inform you about your shopping list. Using this technology at an industrial scale can help prevent severe cold chain losses
  • Sensors connected throughout the cold chain can monitor temperature and relay information back in real time to supply chain managers. Mobile and web-based applications and dashboards can crunch the real-time data and provide visualizations on the health of products and need for any interventions
  • Integrating these devices with a mobile based application will facilitate easy monitoring- managers can simply monitor the data and signals on a mobile app and receive warnings in time to take corrective action.

Two examples of IoT solutions that address cold chain efficiency are IMS-Evolve and Tagbox.

Organizational stakeholders

From the perspective of retail stores, the following stakeholders need to be engaged to scale this solution.

  • Store operations and management teams
  • Merchandising team- buyers, range and space managers etc.
  • Supply chain logistics

Given the potential to improve pharmaceutical cold chains as well, the following stakeholders need to be engaged-

  • Supply chain logistics
  • Pharmacy retail store operations and management

Technology Implementation

  • Stakeholder workshops and discussions to educate store managers, supply chain operators etc. on the use of SaaS platforms, sensors and data visualization interpretation
  • Identify test locations and build out required infrastructure (sensors). Define success criteria and set up experimental framework, conduct a pre-post analysis and scale up deployment to more stores based on learning from the pilot phase
  • Enter into long term partnerships with technology service providers in order to create an incentive for service providers to channel capital and continue to innovate
  • Set up grant projects for using this technology in developing nations- it provides an incentive to continue to innovate and scale these technologies at low cost

Sources

https://www.dsiglobal.com/labs/why-the-internet-of-things-is-a-game-changer-for-cold-chain-execution/

http://www.cargosense.com/cold-chain-shipping-loss-in-pharmaceuticals.html

http://naturalleader.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/UTC-Nottingham-Report_3-30_FINAL.pdf

http://www.ims-evolve.com/cold-chain/

http://www.tagbox.in/

By- Aksheya Chandar (SUMA ac4154)

IoT revolutionizes waste management

1: Sustainability Problem

Area of sustainability category: Waste

The old-fashioned way of waste collection empties trash bins in a settled schedule. However, this method can only conduct a low quality of waste collection service to customers, as well as, a high operation cost to the waste collection provider. Because the trash bins cannot be guaranteed to be exacted filled with the maximum volume. If trash bins are overfilled before the collector come, it may cause dissatisfaction from customers. If the trash bin is only half-filled, it is inefficient to send out drivers and collect the waste.

2: Technology

“OnePlus Corp. Acquires SmartBin™”—“The acquisition creates the dominant, global Internet of Things (IoT) sensor and software business serving the waste industry”, www.businessswire.com

URL:http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160531005405/en/OnePlus-Corp.-Acquires-SmartBin%E2%84%A2

  • SamrtBin uses intelligent IoT to improve waste management across the globe
  • SmartBin sets the standard for smart recycling and
  • SmartBin’s sensors are used in smaller bins and receptacles for items such as textiles, drop boxes, solid and liquid waste receptacles
  • SmartBin’s sensor knows when bins are ready for emptying, and thus optimizes the collection routes and logistics
  • SmartBin has over 100 clients in more than 25 countries, including the United States

3: Stakeholders

  • Retailers, grocery stores which have a huge demand for waste collection service
  • Municipalities which usually responsible for the city residency’s waste collection
  • Most waste management providers which eager for new technology that can lower their cost and increase their service quality

4: Process of implementation

  1. Since this company has already achieved over 100 clients in more than 25 countries, it can conduct a sufficient survey result from the existing clients and publish the result on the social media to gain exposure
  2. To attract potential clients, SmartBin should proactively seek opportunities of attending Trade Fair such as IFAT (Leading Trade Fair for Environmental Technologies) to increase its brand awareness in the industry
  3. It is also important to have a partnership with the government since many cities’ waste management services are offered by governments. To achieve this, SamrtBin can work with government’s Smart City projects.

 

Reference:

http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160531005405/en/OnePlus-Corp.-Acquires-SmartBin%E2%84%A2

https://www.smartbin.com/

https://www.greenbiz.com/article/iot-and-smart-city-trends-boost-smart-waste-collection-market

Detecting Forest Fires using Wireless Sensor Networks

Sustainability Problem

Forest fires have adverse effects on a wide range of environmental, social, and economic assets and are 46% above the 10 year average so far in 2016 in the US.

Technology Article

http://www.libelium.com/wireless_sensor_networks_to_detec_forest_fires/ 

  • Most of the time forest fires are discovered too late because they have already spread.
  • Apart from prevention, early detection is the most effective way to minimize casualties and damages.
  • DIMAP-FactorLink, which under the name of SISVIA Vigilancia y Seguimiento Ambiental jointly commercialize projects for the environmental protection, have developed and integrated a forest fires detection system using the products of Libelium.
  • The covered area is about 210 hectares in the North Spain region, comprising the Communities of Asturias and Galicia.
  • The aim was to provide to different organizations of an environmental monitoring infrastructure, with capability to have alert management and to deliver early warning alarms.
  • The system has 3 main parts, the wireless sensor network, the communications network, and the reception center.

Stakeholders

  • DIMAP-FactorLink
  • Libelium
  • Residents of areas that are in danger of having forest fires
  • Fire fighters
  • Governments

Deployment

  • The companies form partnerships with governments and install the systems to monitor forest fires.
  • People are trained to use the technology.
  • These sensors and systems can be used in cities as well.

Other sources:

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz (wireless, solar-powered small chip solutions)

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz in Singapore

Sustainability Problem

Food is one of the biggest problem of next century and precise agriculture and using land wisely and efficiently is one of the solutions for that which this technology enables.

Technology Article Summary

It is a small chip with PV which has “everlasting” battery which has no need for maintenance at least 10 years. It connects wirelessly to sensors uses IoT platform. Apart from reducing maintenance costs this sustainable solution aims to reduce dispose of batteries which is harmful for environmental. It enables complete solution for precision agriculture and it connects cloud wirelessly.

It measures soil moisture, temperature, solar radiation intensity and some other parameters. As there are more connected sensors, the more algorithms can be run to improve the efficiency and quality of agricultural yields.

Stakeholders

Farmers(for now)Later it may be everyone as it is very versatile chip

Later it may be everyone as it is very versatile chip

Deployment

It has been tested successfully in Israel, Argentine and Spain.Right now it is deployed in Singapore. Also it will deploy to other fields such as air quality measurement, intelligent parking lots, waste management and drinking water infrastructure as it is basically everlasting chip without maintenance that could gather data whichever filed you want

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz in Singapore