Detecting Forest Fires using Wireless Sensor Networks

Sustainability Problem

Forest fires have adverse effects on a wide range of environmental, social, and economic assets and are 46% above the 10 year average so far in 2016 in the US.

Technology Article

http://www.libelium.com/wireless_sensor_networks_to_detec_forest_fires/ 

  • Most of the time forest fires are discovered too late because they have already spread.
  • Apart from prevention, early detection is the most effective way to minimize casualties and damages.
  • DIMAP-FactorLink, which under the name of SISVIA Vigilancia y Seguimiento Ambiental jointly commercialize projects for the environmental protection, have developed and integrated a forest fires detection system using the products of Libelium.
  • The covered area is about 210 hectares in the North Spain region, comprising the Communities of Asturias and Galicia.
  • The aim was to provide to different organizations of an environmental monitoring infrastructure, with capability to have alert management and to deliver early warning alarms.
  • The system has 3 main parts, the wireless sensor network, the communications network, and the reception center.

Stakeholders

  • DIMAP-FactorLink
  • Libelium
  • Residents of areas that are in danger of having forest fires
  • Fire fighters
  • Governments

Deployment

  • The companies form partnerships with governments and install the systems to monitor forest fires.
  • People are trained to use the technology.
  • These sensors and systems can be used in cities as well.

Other sources:

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz (wireless, solar-powered small chip solutions)

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz in Singapore

Sustainability Problem

Food is one of the biggest problem of next century and precise agriculture and using land wisely and efficiently is one of the solutions for that which this technology enables.

Technology Article Summary

It is a small chip with PV which has “everlasting” battery which has no need for maintenance at least 10 years. It connects wirelessly to sensors uses IoT platform. Apart from reducing maintenance costs this sustainable solution aims to reduce dispose of batteries which is harmful for environmental. It enables complete solution for precision agriculture and it connects cloud wirelessly.

It measures soil moisture, temperature, solar radiation intensity and some other parameters. As there are more connected sensors, the more algorithms can be run to improve the efficiency and quality of agricultural yields.

Stakeholders

Farmers(for now)Later it may be everyone as it is very versatile chip

Later it may be everyone as it is very versatile chip

Deployment

It has been tested successfully in Israel, Argentine and Spain.Right now it is deployed in Singapore. Also it will deploy to other fields such as air quality measurement, intelligent parking lots, waste management and drinking water infrastructure as it is basically everlasting chip without maintenance that could gather data whichever filed you want

Sol Chip Powers Precision Agriculture with Solariz in Singapore

Mumbai-based ‘power’-couple found a way to generate solar power and harvest rainwater from an ‘ulta chaata’

Sustainability Problem

Fresh water is one of the most precious things on earth and its importance increase every day. This project aims to harvest rainwater and energy for open spaces. It aims to reduce water demand from grid.

Technology Article Summary

It is basically an upside down umbrella harvest the rainwater and filters it up to 20 micros. It has also UV filtration and activated carbon filtration. Single unit catches up to 1.000.000 liters of water annually. Besides it has also add-on a PV module to harvest solar energy and produce lightning at night. Even able to sell the excess energy to grid via net metering system. It may also have a mobile charge unit. The total solar capacity is 1.5KW. Each of them takes 1 sqft of real estate and catches 360 sqft rainwater

And another thing is it is IOT enabled Each unit also has a RF sensor, which is wirelessly controlled through the phi­box. “Our current product is IoT-enabled. We build our own controls and sensors and write our own code which sits in what we call the ‘phi­box’ components, like the solar panel, battery management, lighting systems, water meter, self-cleaning filters are controlled through the box,” inventor says.

Stakeholders

It depends on who is investing and where it is installed.

If it’s installed on residential. Residents are stakeholders

If it’s installed on parks, Tax payers and citizens are stakeholders.

Deployment

It’s been installed in clusters of 10 pieces. Each merges into a single water tank. It pays itself in 4 years.

It can be installed in parks to feed water system and also it can be installed in residential to feed residents water demand.

Article: http://social.yourstory.com/2016/07/ulta-chaata/

Sensibo: When A/Cs smartly adjust to people’s lifestyle

1) Uncontrolled A/C systems in transportation and public buildings is a major issue that makes daily life uncomfortable and unhealthy for many New Yorkers in the Summer. In addition, public and private air conditioning systems are energy intensive and cost a lot to customers each year.

2) Article: http://techcrunch.com/2015/01/07/sensibo-will-give-your-air-conditioners-nest-like-intelligence-and-remote-control/

  • Sensibo is a start up that commercializes climate control devices/pods, making existing remote controlled air conditioners smarter and controllable from anywhere
  • Sensibo is a small IR compatible pod that contains different sensors (temperature, humidity, iBecons, Light sensor, IR receiver) and that is fixed on existing air conditioners and connected to an app. It makes the air temperature and fan speed vary thanks to location-based activation (it turns of when you leave the room or home) or timer settings (you can cool your home before you arrive), or temperature and humidity-based A/C level optimization
  • Sensibo enables different A/C units from different types to be all controlled using one simple interface – to manage an entire building heating/cooling systems
  • The major benefits of the technology are: saving up to 40% of energy and reducing electricity bills AND enhancing thermal comfort in home or public indoor environments

3) I work for Sensibo and plan to deploy the Sensibo device in public buildings and university campus to benefit from the temperature and humidity-based A/C level optimization.

The stakeholders that will need to use the technology found are:

  • NYC Department of Buildings
  • Building owners/operators
  • Building Operation Manager in charge of Building Energy Management System (BEMS)
  • Thermal Systems Engineers
  • Sensibo

4) 3 implementation steps

  • Propose a partnership to the NYC Department of Buildings to launch a SMART A/C program throughout the city, targeting public buildings and university campus and launch pilot project on Columbia University Campus
  • Survey and report all existing remote controlled air conditioners in each of the campus’s building and facility and install the pods on each A/C unit to build a centrally controlled system at the university level
  • Measure energy cost reduction on pilot campus and expand the program citywide to other campus and city buildings and infrastructure.

What’s the Buzz About Saving Honey Bees with the Internet of Things?

Researchers at University of Minnesota in partnership with a company called Eltopia, have developed a new technology which sterilizes varroa mites without harming bees in the process.  By swapping out one frame of the bee hive with a compostable circuit board, the MiteNot technology gathers environmental data and targets prime conditions for mite reproduction.  The Internet of Things makes this possible by sending data up to the cloud via mobile app for storage and analysis.  The systems interact with no human intervention and literally turn up the heat just enough to sterilize male mites before the female’s eggs are fertilized.  Eltopia hopes to make the devices available before the end of the year.

BeeMiteInfestedBee

The Technology

  • MiteNot device uses circuit board, sensors gather environmental data: temp, humidity, etc.
  • Monitors prime conditions for mite reproduction
  • Detects when female mites have laid eggs, send info to Eltopia’s cloud based application
  • BeeSafe app sends signal to warm up hive enough to sterilize male mites before eggs are fertilized
  • Being tested; still in research and development stage

MiteNot Panel

The Sustainability Problem

  • High rate of loss of bees due to pesticides, climate change (less rain), mite infestation
  • Device target: destructive parasites destroying colonies and decimating bee population
  • Loss of bees is a threat to pollination which in turn impacts food supply
  • MiteNot is a green solution without pesticides
  • Circuit board is created from renewable resources, it is also compostable
  • Internet of Things (IoT) allows for the efficient collection of huge amounts of data required

Beekeeper

The Stakeholders

  • Academics: University of Minnesota and others agricultural and engineering institutions
  • Commercial Beekeepers
  • Growers of flowers and fruits which require cross-pollination
  • Major food manufacturers: General Mills, Kellog’s, Kraft, PepsiCo, etc.
  • Consumers

The Process of Technology Implementation

  • Continue research and development
  • Determine economic efficiency/profitability; cost of tech vs ROI
  • Expand pilot project to other professional beekeepers and academic labs
  • Share new technology and best practices

You’ll find more on Eltopia’s innovative MiteNot technonogy here.

IoT and Smart Lighting : using LED-based lighting to transmit data

1) In streets and public places, Wi-Fi connection is not available everywhere, often drops at irregular intervals and creates electromagnetic waves interferences and pollution.

2) http://www.oledcomm.com/?page_id=12771

  • Li-Fi (Light Fidelity) is a connected LED lighting solution founded by Harald Haas from the University of Edinburgh. OLEDCOMM Lize is a French company that provides smart lighting systems and devices for mobile Internet connexion through LiFi.
  • Li-Fi is a more efficient wireless alternative to Wi-Fi that enables high-speed data transmission (100 times quicker than Wi-Fi, data rate of 10-Gbps) via pulsating light source, transforming any existing private or public light network into wireless communication systems – street lamps, traffic signals, can be used to provide Li-Fi hotspots.
  • OLEDCOMM also produces the routing devices, USB keys as well as Li-Fi compatible smartphones, tablets and laptops.
  • In terms of security, Li-Fi makes hacking almost impossible (data flows circulating through visible light communication) and is useful in electromagnetic sensitive areas such as planes, hospitals, petrochemical plants where it reduces the radio electromagnetic wave pollution.
  • Since 2012, OLEDCOMM partners with the train company SNCF to settle Li-Fi in all French trains and the popular Lyon’s Festival of Light uses the potential of the technology during the event.

3) I work for OLEDCOMM Lize and plan to deploy Li-Fi in NYC subways as an answer to New Yorkers’ demand. The stakeholders that will need to use the technology found are:

  • The MTA
  • The NY DOT
  • The NYC subways’ lighting system providers
  • Mobile, tablets, laptops and other electronic devices developers
  • NYC subway and the wireless Internet users

4) 3 first implementation steps

  • Propose a partnership to the NY DOT and MTA to bring Wi-Fi in NYC subway infrastructure – cars and stations.
  • Review the different NYC subway lighting systems and replace cars’ traditional lights with Li-Fi Led bulbs. In the process, work on improving the electric system to prevent light from fluctuating when cars move.
  • In parallel, partner with personal electronics developers, especially mobile phone, to promote and spread Li-Fi devices among New Yorkers.

How Internet of Things Could Overhaul Office Sustainability

  1. The problem is implementation of IoT technologies into everyday use and the fields of energy, water, and waste.

 

  1. Article title- How Internet of Things Could Overhaul Office Sustainability

Website name- greenbiz.com

Link- http://www.greenbiz.com/article/how-internet-things-could-overhaul-office-sustainability

 

  • Intel’s IoT platform now enables end-to-end solutions connecting billions of devices. The new platform allows data to be unlocked quicker for real time analytics of meaningful information.
  • The company PsiKick manufactures ultralow-power sensors and the owner compares the advent of IoT technologies to the release of the World Wide Web in the 90’s. “It [IoT] will fundamentally change how we do things, at the same scale as the World Wide Web in the 90’s.”
  • In 2015, 4.9 billion connected things will be in use, up 30% from 2014, with a 2020 projection of 25 million connected things in use
  • Don DeLoach , CEO of Infobright, which offers IoT data analytics platform warns of security breaches with the exponential growth of access points and alerts of a need to slow down the process and make sure loops are closed before “solutions” are pushed out to the consumer
  • The more data an organization has on its consumers, the smarter and more strategic their moves can be in building future capacities that satisfy consumer needs/wants.

 

  1. Stakeholders: Building owners, municipalities, everyday consumers (whether they are aware of the technology in their pen or not), data analytics firms, sensor and IoT device manufacturers,

 

  1. Steps for deploying the technology:
  2. The market and consumers need to be able to make smart use from the big data through algorithms. Without the analytics portion drawn up there is just a whole bunch of data points with no significance.
  3. Market the technology to strategic organizations in an effort to partner with contingents and stakeholders who can benefit from the technology the most and allows for additional R&D
  4. Push for marketplace-wide standards that allow and build civilian trust in the technology