Technology: A worm! “Worms lead way to test nanoparticle toxicity”
In a relatively short time period, 1 weeks (“That is long enough for us to monitor toxicity effects accumulated through three generations of worms.” C. elegans has a life cycle of about three days, and since each can produce many offspring, a population that started at 50 would number more than 10,000 after a week.”) the toxicity of a nanomaterial can be tested. If the material has a relatively high level of toxicity the worm will act ‘sluggish’, they’ll eat less as well as produce less. http://www.apptheneum.com/worms-lead-way-to-test-nanoparticle-toxicity/
Sustainable issue: With the past centuries reliance on plastic and the more newly findings of plastics non biodegradable and environmentally toxic components, new materials are needed. In order to find biodegradable and non toxic materials research is being done at the nano level to determine how a material will effect the environment. Being able to test a nano material will lead towards smarter and cleaner decisions as new materials are being made and brought into our supply chain.
-Private companies: manufacturing companies who will us nano materials to replace current non environmental friendly materials.
-Because of the low cost of a ‘natural’ sensor, the worm, funding should be able to be absorbed by private companies, R&D divisions, fairly easily. Additional funding can come from NGO’s, if needed.
-Government agencies for funding and regulation.
-Humane and Animal Rights Organizations.
Process for implementation:
-Connect private companies with NGO’s and Educational Institutions that are spear heading ‘worm sensor technology’ research.
-Fine tune the metrics. How much ‘sluggishness’ equals levels of toxicity in a material that is prohibitive.
-Establish state and federal regulations to monitor companies using this new technology.
Technology: The Transmissive pH Probes from Ocean Optics can be used with a desktop system as well as with the Jaz handheld spectrometer suite. The desktop system uses a module in the SpectraSuite software that allows for simplified calibration, convenient pH readings, customizable data logging and comprehensive exportation of data and calibration information. For field measurements, the handheld Jaz offers an easy and portable solution. Jaz’s SD card runs a script that allows you to use the factory calibration or a complete calibration. It also shows live pH values and gives you the ability to save data directly to the card. http://www.azosensors.com/equipment-details.aspx?EquipID=898
Sustainable issue: “Coastal ecosystems have been recognized as a promising reservoir for carbon storage for the future. Carbon sequestered in coastal ecosystems is commonly referred to as “Blue Carbon”. The living biomass above and below marine ecosystems absorbs atmospheric CO2 through photosynthesis, transforming inorganic carbon into organic matter. The sediments in the soil stores carbon for thousands of years after organic matter is buried. Typical blue carbon repositories include mangroves, seagrass meadows, and salt marshes”. http://sites.duke.edu/bluecarbonmastersproject/ Based on this plans are underway to re-habilitate coastal ecosystem services so that they can store carbon from the atmosphere, aiding in the slowing down of extreme climate change.
Monitoring the pH levels in and around coastal areas can identify priority areas for re-habilitation of coastal ecosystems.
-Private companies, like Azo Sensors
-NGO and Private companies for funding
-Government agencies for regulation and implementation, i.e. NOAA
Process for implementation:
-Connect private companies like Azo Sensors with appropriate governing and conservation companies, like NOAA and Ocean Conservation, to implement monitoring
-Establish through government regulations carbon permits to include ocean blue carbon sequestration.
-Establish outreach to private companies who have been regulated to address their carbon output.
Technology: Harvesting Bacteria Metabolism. Seokheun Choi, a Binghamton University engineer, developed an inexpensive, bacteria-powered battery made from paper. The battery generates power from microbial respiration, delivering enough energy to run a paper-based biosensor with nothing more than a drop of bacteria-containing liquid. “Dirty water has a lot of organic matter,” Choi says. “Any type of organic material can be the source of bacteria for the bacterial metabolism.” The paper battery uses an air-breathing cathode created with nickel sprayed onto one side. The anode is screen printed with carbon paints, creating a hydrophilic zone with wax boundaries.
Sustainable issue: Harvesting energy as a by-product from processes that are naturally taking place reduces the need for resource heavy, unsustainable, energy, like coal and oil. Similarly creating simple mono material solutions for ‘carring’ energy and ‘translating’ it into a useable format provides less material and energy fabrication upfront and a bio-degradable end product reducing end-of-life waste. The simple design of paper as the carring mechanism provides a sustainable solution.
-University for research and prototype
-NGO for funding
-Government agencies for regulation
-Private Corporations to implement new battery technology into product design and selling mechanism.
Process for implementation:
-Gain funding for prototype, create prototype
-Gain funding for production
-Create a demand through outreach and marketing
-Produce technology, distribute technology
Source: http://discovere.binghamton.edu/features/paper-6113.html / full article at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211285515002359
Technology: Clod Cards. A range of ocean sensors have been developed to gather information about ocean flows, ecosystem characteristic, and pollution, to name a few. While many of the sensors can be large and are made of expensive, resource heavy materials, like metal, and energy heavy manufacturing process, there is one sensor that is made of natural biodegradable material, plaster. Plaster is a densification of limestone using organic binders; this sensor is called a Clod Card. The plaster card wears away from the friction created by moving water creating data on the rate of water movement.
Sustainable issue: This type of information is critical for both the survival of our oceans ecosystem but also the survival of land formations, including urban development. For example, storm surge strength as it meets land can be reduced by 90% with a healthy coral reef. Corals rely on the movement of water around their formations for food and oxygen. In other words, still waters will kill Coral.
Technology stakeholders: Currently NOAA, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, are the key stakeholders. The potential to bring NOAA to the planning table for coastline cities, would create a sustainable development platform and would broaden the stakeholders of this technology to a cities Urban Planning dept. and its Disaster Risk Management program/dept.
Process for implementation: A. Assign the responsibility of incorporating ocean and atmosphere data into the urban planning process to one of the Urban Planning deputies. B. Create a meeting between NOAA and the cities Urban Planning Dept. C. Create an internet connection between data from NOAA to the Urban Planning Dept. D. Bring a NOAA scientist onboard as a consultant to translate the information so that an Urban Planner can understand it and use it. E. Design appropriate edge conditions between the cities ocean and land formation to create optimal ocean current movement.