Energy from Radio Waves

  1. Sustainability Problem

Energy: Global energy demand is at an unsustainable rate. At this rate, the world will lock itself in an insecure, inefficient, and high-carbon energy system. Thus, innovations are needed to produce energy without consumption of non-renewable energy source. Free volt technology can be a solution to such a problem.

Source: https://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/pressreleases/2011/november/the-world-is-locking-itself-into-an-unsustainable-energy-future.html

  1. Technology

Article: Charging gadgets using THIN AIR: Freevolt captures radio waves to wirelessly power small devices

By Victoria Woollaston

  • Freevolt transforms energy in signals from TV, Wi-Fi and mobile networks into a current that can be harvested by devices
  • The harvester is capable of absorbing energy from multiple RF bands at almost any orientation
  • The design is scalable and can be used with wearables, sensors, or fitted into large-scale buildings
  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • Drayson Technologies
  • Imperial College London
  • General Public
  • Investors
  1. Implementation
  • Lord Paul Drayson from Drayson Technologies developed Freevolt with support from Imperial College London
  • Drayson Technologies will license out Freevolt for big partners and a Freevolt developer kit for do-it-yourself customers
  • The first device that will make use of Freevolt technology was already launch in November 2015

Source: http://arstechnica.co.uk/gadgets/2015/09/freevolt-perpetual-free-rf-energy-harvesting-to-power-the-internet-of-things/

 

Advertisements

Biofuel made from CO2 and Sunlight

  1. Sustainability Problem

Energy: Climate change calls for the need to lessen our carbon footprint. One such way to do so is through biofuels. Biofuels are significantly cleaner than their petroleum alternatives, producing much less CO2 emissions. As a result, innovative ways to produce biofuels is needed to combat climate change.

Source: http://www.sunthenoil.com/index_files/Page327.htm

  1. Technology

Article: Joule says “will go commercial in 2017”: solar fuels on the way  

By Jim Lane

Link: http://www.biofuelsdigest.com/bdigest/2015/03/23/joule-says-will-go-commercial-in-2017-solar-fuels-on-the-way/

  • Joule’s Unlimited’s biofuel is called helioculture, which is a modified cyanobacteria that takes in CO2, sunlight, and some nutrients to produce transportation fuel
  • The fuel produced costs roughly the same price as digging up petroleum
  • The company’s technology’s platform does not require arable land suitable for crop cultivation or potable water, which ensures the company not to compete with food production
  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • Joule Unlimited
  • Investors
  • General Public
  • Coalition of industrialization partners
  1. Implementation
  • Joule Unlimited closed a $40 million round of financing, to expand its plant in Hobbs, New Mexico to commercial scale by 2017
  • The company plans to establish a coalition of industrialization partners to accelerate the development of carbon-neutral fuels at large scale
  • The ultimate goal is to convert 150,000 tons of waste CO2 into 25 million gallons of ethanol per year at the facility

Source: http://cleantechnica.com/2015/05/12/buh-bye-corn-ethanol-joule-makes-thing-recycled-co2/

Water ATMs Bring Relief to India’s Slums

  1. Sustainability Problem

Water: Clean water is a basic necessity for everyone’s standard of living. It is needed for basic health and nutrition. However, in places like India, millions do not have access to clean water. In fact, India has the world’ highest number of people without access to clean water. Thus, innovative ways to distribute clean water in places like India is needed.

Source: http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2016-03-22/india-has-the-most-people-without-clean-water-report-says

  1. Technology

Article: Solar-Powered ATMs Bring Clean Water to India’s Slums  

by Jeremy Hsu

Link: http://www.reuters.com/article/pakistan-solar-water-idUSL5N0Y51MO20150514

  • The solar-powered ATM dispenses water after the authentication of a scanned card, where the user can start and stop the flow of water
  • A flow control meter measures how much water is dispensed and sensors measure the amount of water still available
  • Each family is allowed a maximum of 30 liters of clean drinking water
  • Government can track water quality and quantity in real-time online to cut down water-waste
  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • Government of Punjab
  • Punjab Saaf Pani
  • Innovations for Poverty Alleviation
  • Investors
  • General Public
  1. Implementation
  • Punjab Saaf Pani and Poverty Alleviation Lab are planning to install the water dispenser at 20 filtration plants to benefit 17,500 families
  • The organizations trying to acquire $23, 500 of funding in aid from UK Department of International Development to put the technology into production and install more of them in Punjab
  • The clean water drinking water project aims to provide more than 35 million people with water in 2 years in the region

Source:  https://propakistani.pk/2015/05/14/solar-powered-water-atms-will-provide-clean-drinking-water-in-punjab/

Innovative Way to Store Energy

  1. Sustainability Problem

Energy: Complying with energy demands can be a problem with solar or wind power sources. For example, wind blows at unpredictable times and sunshine can vary greatly due to weather and season. Thus, energy generation by these renewable sources cannot always match with fluctuating energy demands.  It is why energy storage of these renewable energy sources is needed.

  1. Technology

Article:  LightSail Energy — The Key to Grid Scale Wind and Solar Power?

by Lih-Hann Chiu
Link: https://medium.com/@lihhannchiu/lightsail-energy-the-key-to-grid-scale-wind-and-solar-power-abe8b266116e#.nrrd0xmgy

  • LightSail energy allows energy to be stored into tanks of compressed air packed in the form of common shipping container form
  • The containers can be stacked to create large reservoirs of stored excess energy from wind and solar power sources when energy demand is low
  • The stored energy can be converted back to electricity when demand increases
  • LightSail’s compressed air batteries are cheap, safe, long-lasting, and scalable

 

  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • LightSail Energy Inc.
  • Investors
  • Wind and Solar Power Industry
  • Municipality of existing grid infrastructure

 

  1. Implementation
  • Founded in 2008 LightSail has acquired $58 million in funding from Investors for further research and testing
  • LightSail is currently in the process of conducting field tests throughout North America and later in Europe
  • It is one year away from being commercial

Source: http://fortune.com/2014/12/31/danielle-fong-lightsail-energy/

 

Fusion Power: The Next Big Thing

  1. Sustainability Problem

Energy: The world’s demand for energy will increase greatly in the coming century as the developing world is expected to have the same standard of living as the developed word. Thus, to meet enormous energy demands across the world and adhere to a necessary clean source of energy, fusion power can be an answer. .

Source: https://www.euro-fusion.org/faq/why-if-we-have-fission-do-we-need-fusion/

  1. Technology

Article: The Secretive, Billionaire-Backed Plans to Harness Fusion

by Jonathan Frochtzwajg

Link: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160428-the-secretive-billionaire-backed-plans-to-harness-fusion

  • Fusion power releases no carbon dioxide, and the only byproduct is helium which is harmless
  • The fuel for fusion power is derived from water, which is abundant
  • General Fusion Inc.’s fusion reactor doesn’t need state-of-the-art lasers or football-field-sized facilities like government- funded fusion reactions making it economical and scalable
  • General Fusion plans to outpace government-funded fusion reactors, which will only start experimenting by 2025

 

  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • General Fusion Inc.
  • Investors
    • e. Amazon Inc.
  • The Energy Industry

 

  1. Implementation
  • Michel Laberge spent a couple of years developing the idea of a new fusion reactor of  through a small prototype and founded General Fusion in 2001
  • General Fusion Inc. displayed the small prototype and acquired investments from venture capitalists to continue research on the fusion reactor
  • For the next phase, General Fusion Inc. is looking to construct a full-scale prototype system to test sooner than that of government-funded fusion reactor prototypes, which are looking to test b y 2025

 

 

Renewable Source of Material using Synthetic Spider Silk

  1. Sustainability Problem

Energy: The fashion industry is noted for heavily using resources at an unsustainable rate.  It can take 10,000 liters of waters to produce just a single t-shirt or 8,000 different chemicals to turn raw materials in to clothes. Thus, renewable sources of materials to make clothing are needed.

Source: http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/index/tech/why-renewable-energy.html

  1. Technology

Article: Tech Talk: The North Face’s innovative Moon Parka is made from spider silk by Tim Newcomb
Link: http://www.si.com/edge/2016/01/19/tech-talk-the-north-face-moon-parka-prototype-spider-silk-technology

  • The Moon-Parka serves as a leap into next-generation materials by using protein-based fibers from synthetic spider silk, eliminating the use of petroleum-based materials
  • The artificial spider silk made by Japanese-based Spiber has turned the Moon Parka into the world’s first article of clothing to be made from artificial protein material
  • North Face will push to bring the Moon Parka to the market as soon as possible, with a possible push for some time this year

 

  1. Organizational Stakeholders
  • North Face company
  • Goldwin Company
  • Spiber Company
  • Consumers of the Moon Parka jacket
  • The fashion/textile industry
  1. Implementation
  • Spiber teamed with Goldwin and The North Face to take the synthetic spider silk and turn it into an outerwear jacket
  • The companies need to generate an enough supply to match the potential demand of the product
  • The companies then need to develop a marketing strategy to advertise the Moon Parka to the masses

Tesla Electric Cars: Pushing For a New Standard in Green Cars

  1. Sustainability Problem: Energy
  • Gasoline-powered cars are large contributors to carbon emissions
  • In 2014, transportation accounted for 26% of the total greenhouse emissions in the United States, which makes it the second largest contributor of US greenhouse gas emissions
  • As a result, the electric car has been seen a viable option as an environmentally sound technology that would produce low to zero carbon emissions to reduce overall emissions from transportation. However, electric cars have long been seen as a nuisance since they did not have the capacity to move cars very far when compared to gasoline-powered cars. To combat this, Tesla has ushered in a new wave of electric cars, that include both high performance and green technology.

2. Technology: Tesla Electric Cars

  • Zero emissions
  • Electric motor converts more than 90 percent of energy into motion compared to just 25 percent in gasoline-powered cars
  • 0 to 60 mph in 2.8 seconds
  • 273 mile range on one battery charge

3. Technology Stakeholders

       4. Technology Implementation

  • To implement Tesla cars, the Tesla company had to be created by  acquiring funding and personnel to start up the company
  • The company then had to establish partnerships with different organizations to get the right pieces for the technology needed to create the Tesla Electric Cars
  • Once the car is constructed, suppliers and dealers are needed to ship the cars and sell them to the general public
    • Source: http://www.businessinsider.com/tesla-the-origin-story-2014-10

Article of Interest: https://columbiasciencereview.com/2015/11/14/rise-of-the-electric-car