Coffee Biofuel in London Buses


Sustainability Problem: Energy and Waste

  • Bio-bean is a biofuel that is made from coffee grounds. This technology has been in the process of being deployed with the help of a partnership with Shell.
  • The biofuel will begin to be used in London buses around the city. The new fuel source not only keeps coffee grounds out of the landfill but can help the air pollution situation.
  • The fuel is made from coffee grounds that are dried and then the oil is extracted. So far 6,000 liters of oil has been produced. Under specific circumstances that is enough to fuel one city bus for a year.
  • In the article, “Trending: Coffee Grounds Poised to Power Future for Sustainable Transport, Fashion,” the authors explain the many partners and companies that were needed to start using coffee biofuel in London busses.
  • Many households have already begun to use this in their homes. This happened through a partnership with Argent Energy.


  • Shell
  • Bio-bean
  • Argent Energy
  • City of London
  • Bus Drivers
  • Coffee Consumers
  • Residents of London

Steps to expanding coffee biofuel in London

  1. Measure first year of performance in London Buses and compare to traditional fuel
  2. Create more biofuel for both home and fuel use
  3. Expand London Bus use
  4. Research potential of coffee biofuel for London Taxis

Comment on “New 3D Printed Tire From Biodegradable Materials”

This could be marketed towards car companies, like Subaru, who want to reduce their waste and have customers who are also sustainability minded.






Electric Charging Station Partner

ionity635Sustainability Problem: Energy

  • With an increase in the number of electric cars, there is a need for more electric charging stations.
  • Audi, BMW, Daimler AG, Ford, and Porsche have created an alliance to create High-Power Charging network throughout Europe. The alliance is formally called IONITY.
  • The article explains that by 2020, they aim to have 400 charging stations across Europe. The goal of this is to increase the possibility for long-distance travel.
  • Through a partnership with Tank & Rast, Circle K, and OMV, 20 stations will be up and running this year. 100 stations will be ready for use next year.
  • The new station decreases the amount of time it needs to charge encouraging more people to buy electric cars.


  1. Audi, BMW, Daimler AG, Ford, and Porsche (IONITY)
  2. Charging Station manufacturers
  3. Gas Stations
  4. European Government
  5. Current and Potential Electric Car Owners

First Three Steps to Expansion into US

  1. Understand the future of electric cars in the US
  2. Research where most electric cars are being used now.
  3. Establish plan to implement (First 20 locations, next 100, continue as needed)


Comment on “Smart Bandage”

This could be a great technology for doctors who are currently in medical school to see how different people react to different medication and application methods.

Circular Packaging

RepackSustainability Problem: Waste

Summary of Technology

  • As commerce becomes more digital, packaging and shipping waste is also increasing. RePack is a new way to ship and return items. The packaging is renewable and can be used repeatedly.
  • If the customer does not need to return what they bought, they can just put the package back in the mail and it will be returned to RePack.
  • When checking out, customers are prompted with the choice to use the different packings. The customers are incentivized to return the packaging to RePack through a discount. The company has created a coalition of companies where once returned they can use the discount at all the different stores.
  • They have found that customers spend more than 30% at the store. It also helps companies reduce their environmental impact and become more circular.
  • The article, “Looking for a Circular Packaging Solution? Meet RePack,” points out this new technology can be beneficial for both the customers and the business.


  • RePack Company
  • Retail Companies
  • Shipping Companies
  • Customers

Steps for further expansion (expand into the US)

  1. Create partnership with US Companies who are sustainable in design
  2. Establish network of companies for incentives
  3. Roll out program to customers based in the US

Comment on “HY4 to Change the Way We Travel”

  • They are hoping to be able to fly between San Francisco and New York next year to show off the technology.

Environmental Impact Label

Sustainability Problem: Waste

Summary of Article:

  • ACT label is a label that informs consumers about the environmental impact of the product it is placed on.
  • The article, “First-ever Environmental Impact Factor Label Opens New Doors for Life Science Industry,” discussed this new label in relation to the Life Science Industry as a way to understand the impact of different lab products.
  • Lab are historically wasteful discarding over 10 billion pounds of plastic. Other waste streams include hazardous waste and gloves.
  • This label can help labs to reduce their environmental impact while still being able to perform their studies.
  • The label is being audited by Sustainability Made Simple and follows a broader trend of the chemical industry being more transparent.

Steps to Deployment

  1. Find additional industrial leaders, like Thermo Fisher Scientific, MilliporeSigma, Eppendorf, and Proirclave, who will committee to using the label
  2. Work with companies to evaluate their environmental impact and create label
  3. Begin marketing to laboratories who are already looking for ways to reduce their waste


Comment on “Smart Recycling Bin”

  • Use data to change products that are being used in a business so that they can be more easily recycled and user friendly.

Smart Yarn


Sustainability Problem: Safety and Health

Background on Technology

  • VOLT Smart Yarn is highly conductive yarn that can be used in commercial sewing machines and be used with other fabrics. This product was explained in a press release by VOLT’s parent company Supreme Corporation.
  • The yarn is about the size of a human hair and contains about 4 wires with in it.
  • The press release and other supporting videos and articles explain that the primary use for the yarn is for body armor, more specifically for the police. The technology can be used as a sensor to notify nearby police stations when there has been impact, if a police officer is lying down or standing up, their vital signs, and their current location.
  • Other uses include turning on and off other devices or controlling the volume.
  • VOLT explains they want the fabric to be used for other reasons besides safety and is challenging the public to think of other ways to use it.


  • VOLT Smart Yarn
  • Supreme Corporation
  • Body armor manufactures
  • Policy and Law Enforcement
  • Government
  • Tech Companies
  • Clothing Manufactures

Steps to deploying technology:

  1. Establish partnership with law enforcement. The technology cannot be implemented without a client to use it. This also allows for stakeholder engagement to learn about how the yarn can best be utilized.
  2. Manufacture body amour with new technology in it.
  3. Analyze results from law enforcement use and begin to market it to other sectors.

Comment on “A Building itself can be a power plant by waste-generated tech”:

  • This technology could be utilized on islands where space is limited for waste and energy is expensive.



Kelp as a Fiber


Sustainability Problem: Waste (in the fashion industry)

  • AlgiKnit is a company that make a new fiber made from kelp. They are looking to replace oil based fibers or other man-made fibers.
  • Oil based fibers, like polyester, are not sustainable as they not only rely on oil but also create micro-plastics which are currently polluting the ocean and contaminating the food chain.
  • Kelp is easy to grow and can grow quickly, even faster than bamboo. Kelp farming can also help to support farmers and give them a steadier income. Kelp farms also improve the health of the ocean.
  • Recently won the National Geographic “Chasing Genius Challenge” and are working with the Clinton Global Initiative. They are based out of the Fashion Institute of Technology.
  • Article: “Could Kelp Be the Future of Sustainable Fashion?” by the Observer.


  • AlgiKnit (the company)
  • National Geographic, Clinton Global Initiative and other investors
  • Textile manufactures
  • Fashion Institute of Technology and Columbia University (Labs where they are testing material and research partners)
  • Consumers
  • Fashion Retailers
  • Kelp Growers

Three steps to deploying technology:

  1. Acquire addition support from investors to finish developing product.
  2. Create example products to show to fashion industry
  3. Create a partnership with a Fashion Retailer to begin to incorporate new fiber in to textiles.

Comment on Origami-inspired clothing:

This product could also be used for adults who are losing weight and do not want to spend money on the clothing between their original weight and their goal weight.

UNI: Sah2239

Week 3

New Tool for Fashion Supply Chains

Image credit: Fancycrave



“Connected” is a service for data and supply chain transparency that through a partnership with Control Union and H&M. The goal of this technology is to help fashion companies reach their goals of transparent supply chains and responsible sourcing.

Relation to Sustainability Problem:

The supply chains in the appeal industry are complex and spread all over the world. This complexity leads to sustainability challenges. For example, if a company wants to implement different sustainability initiatives through their supply chain they have no way of knowing which parts of their supply chain are impacting communities and the environment.  This technology helps companies to analyze that information and make informed decisions.

Technology Stakeholders:

  1. Control Union
  2. Apparel Industry
  3. Supply Chains in the apparel industry
  4. Customers
  5. Governments

Technology Implementation:

This technology is already being used by H&M in their viscose suppliers. The next steps are to expand this to other supply chains within H&M. There are 100 other fashion companies that are committed to supply chain transparency. This companies should also start using this technology. Once the technology has started to be utilized, the data collected must be analyzed and used to make more informed decisions. For example, they could work to reduce their environmental and social impact in specific parts of their supply chain that is not up to their standards. Another part of supply chain transparency is giving this information to the public and their customers so they can also make informed decisions.


Upcycled Plastic in Fashion Industry

Credit: SEAQUAL™

Sustainability Problem: The fashion industry is the second most polluting industry in the world. The materials used to make clothing and other fashion items come from all different sources from oil to sheep. The different types of fabric all pollute the world in different ways.

Technology: This technology is taking plastic and making it into recycle fabric. The market for recycled fabric is growing as fashion companies are looking to reduce their impact. Through a partnership with Danone and H&M, they are taking recycled PET bottles and turning that in to recycled polyester. Similar technology is also being used to turn PET bottles collected from the ocean into polymer and flakes which can then be turning into thread.



Fashion Retailers

Clothing manufacturers

PET bottle manufacturing companies

Recycling Facilities


Implementation: This can create a partnership between fashion companies and beverage companies who both want to move to a more circular economic approach. H&M is currently leading the charge on using recycled thread and can continue to increase their use of it with a larger supply of recycled thread. Other fast fashion companies can begin to use this thread as well to reduce their environmental impact. PET bottles must continue to be collected for recycle either through traditional systems or expanding the partnership for fisherman to continue to collect the trash they find in the ocean.



Sustainable Brands. (2017, September 17). Trending: Brands Look to Bio-Based Upcycled

Plastics to Reduce Apparel Industry Impacts. In Sustainable Brands. Retrieved from /chemistry_materials_



MacCarthy, L. (2017, March 7). Trending: Danone, Nestlé Move Towards Circularity with

Bio-Based PET Bottles . In Sustainable Brands. Retrieved from