Fisker patents EV battery with a range of 500 miles that can be charged in 1 minute!

Fisker 1

Sustainable Problem: Energy

Technology:

  • Fisker reportedly made a breakthrough in solid-state batteries – and their technology could allow an EV to travel 500 miles after a single charge.
  • The company has filed a patent for a groundbreaking solid-state battery.
  • Green Car Congress reports that the patent includes claims about manufacturing processes and novel materials, saying, “Fisker’s solid-state batteries will feature three-dimensional electrodes with 2.5 times the energy density of lithium-ion batteries.” Recharging such a battery, they pointed out, would take less time than filling up a tank of gas today.

Here’s a representation of the three-dimensional electrodes:

fisker 2

Stakeholders:

  • Fisker
  • Fabio Albano, co-founder of Sakti3 and Fisker’s vice president of battery systems.

Deployment/Implementation:

  • The project is years away from completion.
  • Deploy when figure logistics of implementation are figured out
  • For this particular technology, Fisker says that it will be automotive production grade ready around 2023.
  • In the meantime, Fisker plans to launch its Emotion electric car at CES 2018 in January 2018

Sources:

https://inhabitat.com/fisker-patents-ev-battery-with-a-range-of-500-miles-that-can-be-charged-in-1-minute/fisker-emotion/

https://electrek.co/2017/11/14/fisker-solid-state-battery-breakthrough-electric-cars/

Comments on Compostable Water Bottles by AA4098:

It is very impressive technology considering how slow plastic decomposes. According to the link, “PET plastic takes between 450 – 1000 years to decompose. Most PET bottles end up in a landfill, eventually contaminating lands and groundwater. William Horner, Founder and President of Totally Green Bottles & Caps, believes that the bottled water marketplace is long overdue for a 100% compostable bottle, cap, and label.” This would reduce a lot of waste that could take hundreds of years to decompose. I wonder if there would be any health effects from drinking water out of these bottles all the time.

UNI: AV2698

50-Qubit Quantum Computer

IBM Raises the Bar with a 50-Qubit Quantum Computer

IBM has developed a quantum computer that can handle 50 qubits per second. The computer IBM developed is still unstable, only preserving its state for 90 microseconds.

Quantum-Computer-06-goog

 

Sustainability Issue:

Category: Energy

The world generates 2.5 exabytes of data every day [0]. With the explosion of data being generated and preserved combined with billions of devices connecting to the internet, an issue the world will face is the ability to power all the machines and devices on a modern world.  Rolf Landauer calculated and demonstrated that each bit operation of a computer requires a minimum amount of energy.  With the amount of data being generated and saved, researchers are predicting the world will encounter energy issues to power all of our devices by 2040[1]. The world’s fastest computer processes 33 Petaflops per second, which consumes 17.8 megawatts[2].

  • energy requirements of computers and devices will outpace ‘reasonable’ supply
  • volume of data requiring more processing time
Technology Solution:

Traditional computers store information in the form of a 1 or 0.  As a result, traditional computers require energy and generate vast amounts of heat to perform complex calculations and operations.  IBM’s development of a 50 -qubit quantum computer is 100 million times faster and consumes less energy than traditional computers.   Quantum computers are able to store information as 1 and 0 simultaneously, vis-a-vis a feature of quantum mechanics known as superposition. The key feature of quantum computers is they can perform complicated calculations beyond the reaches of today’s computer while consuming less energy.  Today’s computers can take days and weeks to calculate factors with hundreds and thousands of digits, which consumes vast amounts of energy.  With IBM’s 50- qubit quantum computer, factors with 555 digits can be calculated within seconds.

Qb_bits

  • Revolutionize  computer architecture
  • Development in new materials
  • Increase encryption for devices / communication networks / etc..
  • Improvement in artificial intelligence (particularly deep learning)
  • Climate models can be more complex

QbBits

 

 

qb_explain

Stakeholders:
  • Inventors: IBM, Google, Facebook, Intel, Rigetti, etc..
  • Consumers: change the world
  • Energy companies: utilities will see lower demand as servers and server farms consume less energy
  • Telecommunication / internet companies: cryptography will be improved dramatically.
  • Researchers / scientists / physicists / climate scientists / etc.. – complex calculations will be able to be performed faster
Next steps:
  • Ongoing research – develop a stable state system (companies listed below)
  • Continue funding – Intel, IBM, Google, Facebook, Rigetti, & universities
  • IBM QX – 20 qubit cloud computing system continue to beta testing.  March 2017 rolled out python API and SDK.
  • Once stable state system is developed then likely to be deployed in large institutions  (governments/ research centers / data farms/ etc.)

Sources: https://www.technologyreview.com/s/609451/ibm-raises-the-bar-with-a-50-qubit-quantum-computer/

[0] https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2017/09/05/how-quantum-computers-will-revolutionize-artificial-intelligence-machine-learning-and-big-data/#6633a79e5609

[1] http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computing-explained

[2] https://www.theverge.com/2016/6/20/11975356/chinese-supercomputer-worlds-fastes-taihulight

Comments Other Posts:

https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/35950343/posts/1666372559

https://wordpress.com/read/feeds/35950343/posts/1667215472

A Powder To Help Prevent Children’s Food Allergies

[Photo: Flickr user Boudewijn Berends]

Sustainability issue: Health

Description: 

The journal Pediatrics states that about 30% of children have food allergies.  Studies show that introducing allergenic foods at an early stage of a child’s life can help reduce the future development of allergies.

To tackle this issue, company Before Brands has developed a product called SpoonfulOne. SpoonfulOne is a protein supplement powder that help “support and educate the immune system”. The body will then get accustomed to proteins found in several allergenic food such as different nuts, milk, soy and more.

The powder is sold through a subscription based model where parents receive the powder that they can then mix into their children’s food.

Sources:

https://www.spoonfulone.com/

https://www.fastcompany.com/40483090/can-a-spoonful-of-this-powder-help-prevent-childrens-food-allergies

 

Stakeholders:

-FDA/Parents/Pediatricians/Pharmacists/Schools

Implementation: 

-Map areas that have the biggest numbers of kids with food allergies and work in this areas

-Reach out to hospitals and pediatricians and pharmacists to work with them and have them recommend the product to their clients

-Reach out to schools to let them know about the products. Having a reduction in food allergies is definitely going to help make their life easier so they should be interested in any preventive measures

 

 

 

Sensor-Packed Pedestrian Crossing

Crossing1Crossing2

Sustainable Problem: Civic Engagement, Safety

Sensor-packed pedestrian crossing is fit for a modern city

Technology:

  • A prototype LED crossing uses sensors to respond to the movement of vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians
  • “We’ve been designing a pedestrian crossing for the 21st century,” says Usman Haque, Umbrellium‘s founding partner. “Crossings that you know were designed in the 1950s, when there was a different type of city and interaction.”
  • This smart crossing doesn’t just look more modern than the 60 years old versions; it uses machine learning to make the crossings safer. Figures from the Transport Research Laboratory show that 7,000 incidents happen on them each year in the UK.
  • The actual crossing doesn’t exist until it’s safe for you to cross – then LED patterns appear to direct people and stop cars.
  • The machines could also learn to project the crossing at a slightly different orientation if, for instance, everyone makes a beeline for a certain shop after a school days.

Stakeholders:

  • Umbrellium
  • Insurance Firm – Direct Line
  • Cities

Deployment/Implementation:

  • The project is still some way from completion.
  • To speed up the process, the code behind it is being made open source.
  • Deploy when figure logistics of implementation are figured out
  • Have multiple detection systems, to be fail safe such as version that has a pressure sensor which detects where footsteps are.

Sources:  http://www.wired.co.uk/article/digital-pedestrian-crossing-technology-machine-learning-safety

Comments to: World’s First and Largest Vacuum Air Cleaner #BT2443

The results confirm that the tower captures and removes up to 70% of the ingested PM10 and up to 50% of the ingested PM2.5. For a tower in an open field in calm weather, this provides PM10 reductions up to 45% and PM2.5 reductions up to 25% in a circle with diameter of more than 20 m around the tower. When the tower is applied in semi-enclosed or enclosed courtyards, the beneficial effects can be much larger. These statistics are astounding to me and these towers can help many people in very polluted areas.

UNI:  AV2698

LEAF PLATES

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Sustainable Problem: Waste

According to Time magazine, Americans throw away an estimated trillion disposable plates and utensils per year.

Technology:

  • Brand Name: Leaf Republic
  • Focus on food packaging and one-way dishes
  • Claim: outdoor tableware has to be fully renewable and fully biodegradable.
  • Packaging products consist of a lid made from bioplastic or recycled plastic and a three-layer natural bowl made of
    • Leaves
    • water-proof leaf-made paper
    • Leaves

Plates1

  • No synthetic additives, no coloring, no glue – and no tree has been cut! Additionally, the bowl is biodegradable in only 28 days.
  • These actions lead to building up a sustainable, social, gainful company

Stakeholder:

  • Leaf Republic
  • Their Partners such as: Vivas.bio, Bird&Bird, Dachser, Infiana, Makerspace, LMU, Illig, Stoeger, Huber+Suhner, Steuerkanzlei Kisslinger-Popp
  • Institutions or Companies to use the products
  • Community

Deployment/Implementation

  • Fund the project to obtain more pressing machinery
  • Find local sources needed for leaves
  • Obtain contracts with universities and/or companies
  • Get community involved, maybe gather the leaves
  • Marketing Campaign

Sources:

http://leaf-republic.com/
http://content.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1706699_1707550_1846340,00.html

Comments to Off grid solar powered water device – Zero Mass Water by JV2610

  • A unit with one solar panel, the company says, can produce two to five liters of liquid a day, which is stored in a 30-liter reservoir that adds calcium and magnesium for health and taste. This seems very energy efficient and seems to be able to store a pretty good amount. The addition of electrolytes is even more interesting and beneficial for health.

UNI:  AV2698

World’s First and Largest Vacuum Air Cleaner #BT2443

1. Air pollution is the primary source of thousands of diseases and damages of the spacious of the planet earth and the largest source of the current global warming issue.

2. The Technology:
-Smog Free tower world’s first and largest air purifier (smog vacuum cleaner) is not only solving the air pollution, safety, and healthcare issue but also building awareness within the society through their jewelry with the Smog Diamond.
-The Dutch artist and innovator, Daan Roosegaarde believing that his creation will solve the issue of the billions of people’s rights to clean breath air.
– By sharing a Smog Free Ring, you donate 1000 m3 of clean air to the city. In 2017, Roosegaarde presents a new addition to Smog Free Project: the Smog Free Bicycle.
-Already working with one of the most polluted cities like Beijing and Shanghai

3. Stakeholders:
– State Governments
– City Governers
– Financial Institutions
– Citizens of the polluted cities
– Private sectors

4. Deployment:

– Collaborate with the government organizations and establish a long-term contract for the clean air projects investment using the smog-free tower.
– Educate citizens towards air pollution and harms
– Promote brand and using their nitch solving a worldwide issue through art and technology

Sources:

1.https://www.google.com/search?q=smog+free+tower&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi8pvr39LbWAhWp54MKHQ3CB9k4ChD8BQgMKAM&biw=1280&bih=624&dpr=2#imgrc=t4XNoainG8DIQM:
2. http://smartcityhub.com/sustainability/multiple-smog-free-towers-developed-across-parks-china/
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution
4. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/pollution/
5. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/02/the-best-and-worst-countries-for-air-pollution-and-electricity-use
6. http://www.wired.co.uk/article/daan-roosegaarde-smog-free-project
7. https://www.studioroosegaarde.net/project/smog-free-project/info/

 

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Sustainability issue: Health

Based on The American Diabete Association’s statistics, “About 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes and an estimated 40,000 people will be newly diagnosed each year in the U.S.”
Type 1 Diabete is a disease that causes body not to’t produce insulin and it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults.

Scientific have been working at developing a vaccine called bacillus Calmette-Guérin. The vaccine, which is still being tested, would reverse the effects of Type 1 Diabete. The way it works is by destroying the defective white blood cells (beta cells) which are hindering the release of insulin the blood.
The vaccine showed very promising results and is being tested on humans.

Stakeholders: – Hospitals, Medical research centers, the FDA, Patients

Source : http://time.com/3911000/the-vaccine-for-type-1-diabetes-is-moving-forward/

Steps:

1-Vaccine needs to be FDA-approved

2-Start manufacturing

3-Quality control

 

HOT SOLAR CELLS

Sustainable Problem: Energy Efficiency

By converting heat to focused beams of light, a new solar device could create cheap and continuous power.

Technology:

  • A solar power device that could theoretically double the efficiency of conventional solar cells
  • The new design could lead to inexpensive solar power that keeps working after the sun sets
  • Availability:10 to 15 years
  • Standard silicon solar cells mainly capture the visual light from violet to red. That and other factors mean that they can never turn more than around 32 percent of the energy in sunlight into electricity. The MIT device is still a crude prototype, operating at just 6.8 percent efficiency—but with various enhancements it could be roughly twice as efficient as conventional photovoltaics

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Stakeholder:

  • David Bierman, Marin Soljacic, and Evelyn Wang, MIT
  • Vladimir Shalaev, Purdue University
  • Andrej Lenert, University of Michigan
  • Ivan Celanovic, MIT

Deployment/Implementation

  • Develop technology fully and attract investors
  • Make technology most efficient
  • Implement into society at different levels

Sources:
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/603497/10-breakthrough-technologies-2017-hot-solar-cells/

Comments to Fully Circular Furniture by ETG2132:

Circularity is embedded into the design of each and every Pentatonic piece — product components aid in the construction of each piece, eliminating the need for complicated assembly processes and chemical-laden glues and resins, while also minimizing unnecessary waste. What’s more, post-consumer materials are matched to products based on their unique properties and application possibilities.

UNI: AV2698

DRONE INSPECTION + AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY – Week 2

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Sustainable Problem: Agriculture/Infrastructure/Public Safety Solutions by Drones with sensors part of the Energy and Waste, and Agricultural sectors

Technology:

  • Sentera drone sensors deliver unrivaled performance and consistently beat competitors in price, quality and function. Sensors produce high-quality, context-rich color and near-infrared (NIR) image data to deliver unsurpassed NDVI data to growers.
  • The Sentera Double 4K is a small, fully customizable twin-imager sensor that is universally compatible with any UAV. Fitting in the footprint of a GoPro® HERO 4, the rugged, high-throughput Double 4K Sensor is designed for use in harsh environments with configuration options that make it ideal for use in agriculture and infrastructure inspection applications. Both cameras are capable of capturing high-megapixel color stills, near-infrared (NIR), and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data, and 4K video.
  • The intelligence provided by this sensor makes it ideal for Universities, researchers, large growers, and advisors to provide high-precision, low-distortion vegetative health data tailored for unique applications.
  • Use the mobile app to document + precisely locate weeds, compaction, growth stages + more. Photos live with aerial data to give you a complete picture of your operation, top to bottom. Our iOS mobile app also allows you to autonomously fly a host of DJI products!

Stakeholder:

  • Sentera Company
  • Farmers/Agriculture sectors
  • Energy Companies/Sector
  • Universities
  • Community

Deployment/Implementation

  • Attract more investors for the drones and sensors from different sectors
  • Advertise all the different capabilities across all sectors of the drones and sensors emphasizing agriculture and infrastructure inspection applications
  • Train buyers in implementing the most sustainable solutions tailored to their needs

Sources:
https://sentera.com/
http://www.precisionag.com/specialty-crops/ag-drone-update-the-chase-for-1000-opinion/

 

UNI: AV2698

Smart Home energy consumption system

Sustainability Problem: 

Citizens in the city have multiple energy consuming appliances which results in peak loads on grids which can be expensive, difficult to maintain and is unsustainable.

Technology Solution: eCoach, Twingz

Using IoT, the technology predicts consumer appliance load and shares it with the energy companies in the area. It also shares analysed data to the consumer itself, so that they are made aware of their energy needs.

Over time this prediction becomes increasingly accurate which helps the energy companies to plan out a needs assessment, it helps the consumers to understand how they can save costs by effectively using their appliances. All of the information is made available in real time over mobile apps.

This is done by attaching the IoT device to the electric meters of the house.

Stakeholders:

  • Consumers
  • Energy Companies
  • Insurance companies
  • Real estate companies

Usage:

  • One way is that the start up company Twingz, will send their experts to install the IoT devices, and the app – at your home.
  • Then they work with the local energy companies and sync their databases to share the data.
  • Insights developed are shared via the app to change consumer behaviour

Screenshot_20170314-113217_framed.png

The company Twingz is based out of Austria and has recently received Early stage funding and accelerator support from the StartUp Bootcamp in Amsterdam.

They have a variety of products that supplement this IoT technology.

Resources:

http://www.twingz.com/products/ecoach/

https://www.startupbootcamp.org/blog/2016/03/10-eager-startups-smart-city-living-2016-accelerator-cohort/

http://www.twingz.com/

UNI – vk2384