Sustainably Problem: Waste

Technology Solution: Wasteloop – Fully electric waste management system.

  • The sanitation trucks work silently and they don’t empty waste directly on site. By doing this, it reduces the energy consumed by 80%
  • By making the switch to this one stop shop for disposal, it would produce 99 % CO2 emission less emissions
  • The major plus is it can be profitable, it has low operation cost.

Stakeholders

  • Public
  • Waste management companies
  • Energy Companies
  • Environmentally Friendly
  • Government

Implementation/Deployment

With the help of the government funding and a private public partnership, there could be select locations in the state for each county with these waste bins available. After Department of Sanitation unloads the waste in one location and after it is filled a sensors would send a message for it to be delivered to the waste loop fully electric waste management system.

Sources

https://solarimpulse.com/efficient-solutions/wasteloop

Anti-Solar Panels

Solar Energy At night: Currently when the sun goes down, Solar panels cannot generate energy

Technology Solution Anti Solar Panels

  • It uses heat radiating off the Earth’s surface.
  • Can work 24/7 rather than if the Suns out
  • Cost effective for Business to switch to Renewable Energy
  • Could increase solar farm energy production by 12%

Stakeholders

  • Public
  • Industrial companies
  • Energy Companies
  • Environmentally Friendly
  • Government

Deployment/Implementation

  • Provide this technology to industrial companies to reduce their carbon footprint
  • Provide government grants for business who convert to Anti-Solar Panels
  • Provide incentives for companies to implement this technology

Sources

https://www.altenergymag.com/article/2020/02/new-solar-technology-could-generate-power-at-night/32697

Sustainability Problem: Solar

Sustainability Problem: Solar

  • Better solution for solar energy if land cost is to high
  • Better usage of water space that would otherwise be unused
  • An efficient way to use of space
  • Can coexist with hydroelectric plant

Stakeholders

  • Public
  • Solar-energy Companies
  • Water-energy Companies
  • Government
  • Mooring & Anchoring Vendors
  • Floating Structures Vendors

Deployment/ Implementation

  • Private Public Partnership
  • Hoover Dam
  • Off of reservoirs
  • Buy in from Locals
  • Government funding

Sources

https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/the-state-of-floating-solar-bigger-projects-and-climbing-capacity

Returning “Oil” to the Earth

Charm Industrial’s “bio-oil” — a carbon-rich oil made from almond shells and other types of biomass

Peter Schott // pcs2144
(1) Sustainability Problem: Waste // Carbon
In order to curb the effects of climate change, it is essential to phase out fossil fuel use and decarbonize the economy more broadly. Carbon removal is one solution.

(2) Charm Industrial represents a significant change to reduce the cost from $600 to $50/ton CO2e while elimination 10%+ of global CO2e in the process.

  • Charm partners with farmers (who grow a lot of crops) that generate biomass waste, converting the left over biomass into “bio-oil”, drilling a well, and pumping the bio-oil underground; this achieves the removal of carbon from the atmosphere “permanently, reliably and potentially on a grand scale”
  • This is achieved through a process called “pyrolysis,” (read: organic chemistry) producing hydrogen (that can be used in refineries or to make fertilizer/power vehicles) and “bio-oil”
  • The modular Pyrolyzer can be put on the edge of the farm, reducing the need to transport the biomass outside of a local area; this technology has gained attention from Stripe and Microsoft

Source: Meet the startup producing oil to fight climate change, Grist

(3) Stakeholders

  • Fortune 500 companies and beyond: who are seeking to reduce their environmental impacts as they attempt to offset their corporate emissions through carbon removal opportunities. Stripe and Microsoft to name a few.
  • Nonprofits and academic institutions: to provide a third party assessment of the carbon removal projects (e.g, Carbonplan) and potential analysis around the broader carbon removal market.
  • Lobbyists/Government: to ensure that Charm Industrial can receive federal tax credits, as only CO2 gas is recognized as a CO2e carbon removal technique.

(4) Design/Implementation/Next Steps:

  • Raise capital from existing investors to scale manufacturing capabilities of the Pyrolyzer machine
  • Manufacture one machine and dedicate it to launching a pilot on a large-scale farm to collect data and conduct research; use biomass to create bio-oil and measure components on transporation, equipment cost, potential revenue, etc. to forecast the scale-up of the business
  • Meet with scientists and clients to share results of the pilot program to collect feedback, with the goal of creating a pitchbook for future investors

Tulip Wind Turbines

Jessica Yu | Uni: JY3076

Problem: Energy

Wind energy offers many advantages, which explains why it is one of the fastest growing energy sources in the world. However, there are still many challenges of wind power that the market needs to solve for. Wind power must still compete with conventional generation sources on a cost basis, even though cost of wind has decreased significantly, it might not be able to compete economically with the lowest cost sources of electricity. Wind turbine also takes up a lot of land, and resource development might not be the most profitable use of land. Furthermore, turbines causes noise and aesthetic pollution, not a lot of people want to live next to it. Lastly, there is also the concern of intruding wildlife with birds being killed by flying into spinning turbine blades.

Sustainable Technology: Tulip Turbines

Since Europe is working on becoming climate neutral by 2050 (producing net zero emissions), the development of vertical turbines could be a solution to the many problems including noises and aesthetics.

  • A company in the Netherlands is producing ‘wind tulips’ to make energy production less of an eyesore. The idea is structuring the flow better using the science of fluid dynamics. They are quieter and smaller and work easily with changing wind direction. The shape is not only for pleasing the eyes, it also comes with aerodynamics that make the small wind turbines produce more energy per square meter than solar panels in windy areas.
  • These Tulip wind turbines are around 3 meters, or 9 feet, high. They come with a US-made generator rated at 1000 watts with the capacity to go up to 3000 for limited times and a charge controller. Manufactured in the Netherlands. Available in 4-10 months.
  • Most wind turbines need to be placed far apart, because the problem with lift turbines when they are placed close together is their turbulence would interfere with each other. But when the turbines are correctly spaced to benefit from that adjacent zone of higher velocity wind, the total power output jumps upwards.

Stakeholders:

  • US Department of Energy
  • Large company manufacturers that need their own sustainable energy sources
  • Residential areas that need off-grid energy sources
  • Shopping Malls, Schools, Skyscrapers

Technology Implementation:

1.) Understanding the location wind source. Utilizing local weather data from airports and meteorigcial stations.

2.) Identifying reliable power purchaser or market. To date, wind energy is the most cost competitive renewable energy option on the market. Before investing thousands of dollars into wind resource assessments, permitting, and pre-construction activities, a developer will secure tentative commitments from one or more buyers for the wind plants output over 10 to 30 years of its operational lifetime.

3.) Evaluate the maintenance and performance. An environmental impact assessment need to be performed before construction, in order to ensure that communities and their environments will not be harmed by the project.

Sources:

Technology

https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/advantages-and-challenges-wind-energy

https://flowerturbines.com/technology/

Carboard to Products Technology

Sustainability Problem: Waste

Cardboard: To create new cardboard from old cardboard, it uses 75 percent of the energy that would be needed to start from the beginning. If 1 ton of cardboard is recycled, it saves 46 gallons of oil. In the United States, 90% of the products shipped are packaged in cardboard. The transit cost for the recycling loops comes at a high price, and cardboard has a low value. 

Technology Solution

Carboard to Products Technology(CTP): The CTP technology has state of the art defibering method combined with an innovative mineral-based composite that can produce a wide variety of degradable feedstock materials. This is the only technology that converts cardboard into other products without recycling, landfilling, or incineration centers. Currently, the CTP technology is being used for Soil conditioners, garden mulch, goods packaging materials, and bedding material for odor control in livestock farms.

Stakeholders

  • Public
  • Pact Renewables PTY LTD.
  • Government
  • Landfills Companies
  • Recycling Centers

Deployment/Implementation

Marketing: The marketing strategy should target industries and companies that could benefit from this technology. Age groups from 18-35 on social media platforms because of their better understanding and benefits of becoming more sustainable.

Investors: Since cardboard waste is in ample supply without many technologies with a cost-benefit solution, CTP shouldn’t be hard to pitch to investors.

Identify locations: It is critical to build facilities that implement this technology near the high density of cardboard waste to minimize transit costs and maximize the profit margin.

Sources

https://www.recycleacrossamerica.org/recycling-facts

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboardchallengeandsolutions

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboard-to-productsctp

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboardcontainingproducts

https://www.recycleacrossamerica.org/recycling-facts

Micromobility charging stations

Student: Jessica Yu (Uni: JY3076)

Sustainability Problem:

Solar Power stations and infrastructures have been increasing in many places thus bringing down the cost in many homes. However, there are still many areas where the grid does not reach the areas and it is hard to gain energy access on the go.

Summary:

In order to make energy / charging stations available, standardize and universal charging station needs to be made available, DUCKT is a company that helps create this, gives access and creates a new stream of energy towards public transportation. DUCKT can charge any micromobility vehicle including scooters regardless of model in one infrastructure solution.

  • This company helps create a infrastructure that is suitable for many vehicles in the market. For example, in Paris, they deployed new charging infrastructure that can be plugged into advertising boards or streetlights.
  • DUCKT ( https://medium.com/startup-grind/startup-q-a-duckt-6306b15e3288) says its charging docks can be plugged into advertising boards, bus stations and street lighting to provide a power source, meaning scooters for example can stay in use for longer without the need to have batteries replaced.
  • The city of Paris has begun a pilot project to install 150 dock, lock and charge points for micromobility vehicles across the “Paris Rive Gauche” (13th Arrondissement) area of the French capital. The project aims to demonstrate how universal charging infrastructure can accelerate micromobility use and it’s hoped reduce climate impact in the city.
  • Scooters are very popular in the cities, so providing sufficient infrastructure will no doubt become crucial for authorities in the capital going forward. Time will tell whether projects such as this will be rolled out more widely in Paris and other cities where scooter usage is increasing.

Stakeholders

  • Public Space Owners (Key Stakeholders): While service operators are visitors of the city, people and the local authority are the hosts, and the hosts of the city are the one who will be impacted in their daily life
  • Sharing Operators (Primary Stakeholders): Firms are spending almost 60% of their income for operations and charging. Operators can cut from their extra operation times, especially to charge during the day anytime, anywhere. DUCKT Station provide safety against vandalism both during the day and night
  • 3rd party Business (Secondary Stakeholders): Parking operators, energy suppliers, coffee chains, EV stations, Shopping centers, holiday resorts, gas stations get to become mobility service hotspots.

Deploying this technology

Work with cities local authorities and scooters operators to present this solution to implement as a standard that benefits all. Furthermore, they also can work with scooter manufacturers because they have internationally patented the plug works in how it’s designed, they can have these adapters as a spec ready into these vehicles so they will already have a infrastructure solution that is already existing in the cities.

ClearRoad provides cloud-based solutions for a smart roads management

Which problem are we facing?

The transportation sector is the largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter in the United States, accounting for a 28% of total US of total U.S. GHG emissions in 2018. Cars, trucks, commercial aircraft, and railroads, among other sources, all contribute to transportation end-use sector emissions.

Goverments need to find effective mechanisms to raise awareness and cut down congestion. One of the best approached to address this issue has proven to be road tolling & pricing, a system that also enables goverments to capture revenue.

Sustainability problems: Energy, Civic Engagement, Safety and Health.

How can we address the problem?

As the road usage pioneer, ClearRoad has developed a version of congestion pricing that is affordable to most cities nd has the potential to reduce emissions up to 20 percent due to reductions in vehicles and less driving overall. This innovative technology is a low-cost version of historically high-cost yet proven programs from around the world. Specifically, ClearRoad leverages data and GPS (already being generated in cars) through machine learning and synchronization protocols. The result is flexible and adaptable road management tools for governments to reduce emissions and congestion, prioritizing community.

Additionally, ClearRoad is deploying a per-mile fee for electric vehicles (EV) as an alternative to current disincentivizing policies. Due to anticipated gas tax revenue shortages, 28 states have instituted surcharges to EV owners on their annual registrations, which can inadvertently suppress EV adoption by 25 percent.

Source: “NYC Has an Old-Timey Plan to Fix Its Traffic Future”, Wired, https://www.wired.com/story/nyc-london-congestion-charge/

Benefited organizational stakeholders: Goverments and Transportation Systems managers.

Next steps to implement smart road tolling & pricing:

  1. Verify in each city that the road programs in place work with ClearRoad’s platform
  2. Start Collecting data from users
  3. Adopt and implement a charging system of tolls or fees

Other sources: ClearRoad website https://www.clearroad.io/

EDGAR-FOOD system

  1. Sustainability Problem: Energy intensive food systems  

Global food systems are increasingly taking up energy especially in retail, packaging, and transport and more often in developing countries such as China, Brazil, and India. Food systems emissions come from agriculture, land use, and changes in land use. And systems are becoming more energy intensive because supply chain processes are contributing to this energy consumption. 

2.  Name of sustainable technology: EDGAR FOOD 

  • This report was created by a senior statistician and climate change specialist at the FAO in collaboration with the EU’s Joint Research Centre.
  • This is a database that can be used to interpret how changes in consumer choices or technology has an effect on food system derived greenhouse gas emissions.  
  • The system uses land-use data from over 245 countries beginning in 1990 in order to track emissions trends from many different sectors (retail, packaging, transport, processing) in order to better understand food production and distribution.  
  • The creators of this database believe that it will serve as a useful tool in order to better mitigate and transform the pathways to sustainable food systems. 

Source: “Food systems account for over one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions.” https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/03/1086822, UN News. 

  1. Key stakeholders that will use this technology: The creators of this dataset are a part of the FAO (UN Food and Agriculture Organization). The database has an effect on respective governments of sovereign nations because this system identifies top emitting countries and affects the ability for policymakers to make national decisions. This system affects the different industries of the global food system – It affects supply chain management because industries will need to identify from which parts (retail, transport, consumption) the contributions of GHGs are coming from? It will also affect food trade because the import/export energy from country to country will be affected. Developers of the food technology will be affected by this dataset as well. 

4. First 3 steps in deploying the technology: Land use emissions data must be verified and updated from the FAOSTAT emissions database on an annual basis. The technology includes GHG emissions data from production to consumption. In order to be implemented the data will need to be authorized/published in a comprehensive manner to help governments and producers to make decisions on their food systems. The FAO will need to ensure international support for the report in order to determine whether this becomes a global policy tool in order for different countries to create their own analyses on industry emissions and identify which sectors to target for reduction.  

The World’s First Molecular Air Purifier

Sustainability Problem:

Air pollutants are trapped indoors. Poor air quality can cause headaches, fatigue, nausea, congestion and worsen asthma and allergies. Most HEPA filters trap but do not destroy air pollutants such as mold, bacteria, viruses, allergens and VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds). 

 

MolekulePhoto Credit: Molekule

Technology: 

Molekule device is billed as the  the world’s first molecular air filter. Using Photoelectrochemical Oxidation (PECO), the air purifier breaks down pollutants extremely quickly and said to destroy them up to 1000 times smaller than what a HEPA filter can. According to Molekule, the company that developed this product, PECO is “a type of oxidation process that works by shining light on an electrochemical cell in order to generate a chemical reaction that break down pollutants”.  

Source: http://www.treehugger.com/gadgets/molekule-air-purifier-breaks-down-air-pollutants-molecular-level.html

Stakeholders:

  • Molekule Company, the developer of Molekule Air Purifier
  • general public especially people with asthma and allergies
  • researchers
  • investors

Implementation: 

  1. Extensive testing of the product by independent labs to verify that Molekule byproducts are completely harmless elements that normally exist in clean air , and that air pollutants aren’t trapped in the filter ensuring that only clean air is released back into the area.
  2. Public launching of the Molekule with an offering of early bird-price of $499 (future retail price is $799). 
  3. Future price may be too high for the general public. Further research on reducing the cost should be done so this product can be more attractive to the general public.