State of Connecticut launches IT Optimization Process

  1. Sustainability Issue: Safety and Health. Currently there is no strong centralized team of IT experts to support State agencies and the public in Connecticut. In addition there is public demand for up-to-date technology especially in schools and hospitals. Technology has become a central need that we have seen especially through the aftermath of COVID-19.
  2. Name of technology solution: Through a press release in March of 2021 Governor Lamont of CT announced a plan to build a new information technology organization within the state government to deliver modern IT solutions to support state agencies and the public.
  3. Stakeholders who will be using this technology:
    • Government agencies, IT professionals supporting this new infrastructure, professionals that will need to manage this hardware, security, networks and storage. Agencies that will need to migrate their systems as a result of this plan, state-based collaboration to serve these enterprise platforms, the residents of Connecticut who will be a part of this change and hopefully benefit as a result of this economic and job growth. The state data center security is a priority.
  4. According to the articles related to this plan – this will be a year long process to build this new iT hub for state agencies. Once this is built the process to centralize will lead to the required collaboration with IT professionals, and the appropriate training to the professionals dedicating their services to work on a common platform that will communicate across State agencies instead of individual agency by agency processes. Third step will involve the training, roll-out and maintenance for this. The funding will also need to be allocated towards where the needs are. I’m also curious to see how this impacts low-income areas in Connecticut and school systems?

Another thing we have to consider is, will this proposal actually make the services for residents and employees more accessible and digital? Will this investment allow for quicker services at places that need it to the most like the DMV or voter registration? How will the follow-up be for this – how will it be measured, and will ordinary residents see the effects of this in their day-to-day lives?

Returning “Oil” to the Earth

Charm Industrial’s “bio-oil” — a carbon-rich oil made from almond shells and other types of biomass

Peter Schott // pcs2144
(1) Sustainability Problem: Waste // Carbon
In order to curb the effects of climate change, it is essential to phase out fossil fuel use and decarbonize the economy more broadly. Carbon removal is one solution.

(2) Charm Industrial represents a significant change to reduce the cost from $600 to $50/ton CO2e while elimination 10%+ of global CO2e in the process.

  • Charm partners with farmers (who grow a lot of crops) that generate biomass waste, converting the left over biomass into “bio-oil”, drilling a well, and pumping the bio-oil underground; this achieves the removal of carbon from the atmosphere “permanently, reliably and potentially on a grand scale”
  • This is achieved through a process called “pyrolysis,” (read: organic chemistry) producing hydrogen (that can be used in refineries or to make fertilizer/power vehicles) and “bio-oil”
  • The modular Pyrolyzer can be put on the edge of the farm, reducing the need to transport the biomass outside of a local area; this technology has gained attention from Stripe and Microsoft

Source: Meet the startup producing oil to fight climate change, Grist

(3) Stakeholders

  • Fortune 500 companies and beyond: who are seeking to reduce their environmental impacts as they attempt to offset their corporate emissions through carbon removal opportunities. Stripe and Microsoft to name a few.
  • Nonprofits and academic institutions: to provide a third party assessment of the carbon removal projects (e.g, Carbonplan) and potential analysis around the broader carbon removal market.
  • Lobbyists/Government: to ensure that Charm Industrial can receive federal tax credits, as only CO2 gas is recognized as a CO2e carbon removal technique.

(4) Design/Implementation/Next Steps:

  • Raise capital from existing investors to scale manufacturing capabilities of the Pyrolyzer machine
  • Manufacture one machine and dedicate it to launching a pilot on a large-scale farm to collect data and conduct research; use biomass to create bio-oil and measure components on transporation, equipment cost, potential revenue, etc. to forecast the scale-up of the business
  • Meet with scientists and clients to share results of the pilot program to collect feedback, with the goal of creating a pitchbook for future investors

Carboard to Products Technology

Sustainability Problem: Waste

Cardboard: To create new cardboard from old cardboard, it uses 75 percent of the energy that would be needed to start from the beginning. If 1 ton of cardboard is recycled, it saves 46 gallons of oil. In the United States, 90% of the products shipped are packaged in cardboard. The transit cost for the recycling loops comes at a high price, and cardboard has a low value. 

Technology Solution

Carboard to Products Technology(CTP): The CTP technology has state of the art defibering method combined with an innovative mineral-based composite that can produce a wide variety of degradable feedstock materials. This is the only technology that converts cardboard into other products without recycling, landfilling, or incineration centers. Currently, the CTP technology is being used for Soil conditioners, garden mulch, goods packaging materials, and bedding material for odor control in livestock farms.

Stakeholders

  • Public
  • Pact Renewables PTY LTD.
  • Government
  • Landfills Companies
  • Recycling Centers

Deployment/Implementation

Marketing: The marketing strategy should target industries and companies that could benefit from this technology. Age groups from 18-35 on social media platforms because of their better understanding and benefits of becoming more sustainable.

Investors: Since cardboard waste is in ample supply without many technologies with a cost-benefit solution, CTP shouldn’t be hard to pitch to investors.

Identify locations: It is critical to build facilities that implement this technology near the high density of cardboard waste to minimize transit costs and maximize the profit margin.

Sources

https://www.recycleacrossamerica.org/recycling-facts

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboardchallengeandsolutions

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboard-to-productsctp

https://www.pactrenewables.com/cardboardcontainingproducts

https://www.recycleacrossamerica.org/recycling-facts

Fisker patents EV battery with a range of 500 miles that can be charged in 1 minute!

Fisker 1

Sustainable Problem: Energy

Technology:

  • Fisker reportedly made a breakthrough in solid-state batteries – and their technology could allow an EV to travel 500 miles after a single charge.
  • The company has filed a patent for a groundbreaking solid-state battery.
  • Green Car Congress reports that the patent includes claims about manufacturing processes and novel materials, saying, “Fisker’s solid-state batteries will feature three-dimensional electrodes with 2.5 times the energy density of lithium-ion batteries.” Recharging such a battery, they pointed out, would take less time than filling up a tank of gas today.

Here’s a representation of the three-dimensional electrodes:

fisker 2

Stakeholders:

  • Fisker
  • Fabio Albano, co-founder of Sakti3 and Fisker’s vice president of battery systems.

Deployment/Implementation:

  • The project is years away from completion.
  • Deploy when figure logistics of implementation are figured out
  • For this particular technology, Fisker says that it will be automotive production grade ready around 2023.
  • In the meantime, Fisker plans to launch its Emotion electric car at CES 2018 in January 2018

Sources:

https://inhabitat.com/fisker-patents-ev-battery-with-a-range-of-500-miles-that-can-be-charged-in-1-minute/fisker-emotion/

https://electrek.co/2017/11/14/fisker-solid-state-battery-breakthrough-electric-cars/

Comments on Compostable Water Bottles by AA4098:

It is very impressive technology considering how slow plastic decomposes. According to the link, “PET plastic takes between 450 – 1000 years to decompose. Most PET bottles end up in a landfill, eventually contaminating lands and groundwater. William Horner, Founder and President of Totally Green Bottles & Caps, believes that the bottled water marketplace is long overdue for a 100% compostable bottle, cap, and label.” This would reduce a lot of waste that could take hundreds of years to decompose. I wonder if there would be any health effects from drinking water out of these bottles all the time.

UNI: AV2698

Monitoring Tech for Sleeping Babies

1) Safety and Health:  

  • The first few years of a baby’s life are usually the more dangerous as they need to be watched at all times to ensure that they remain healthy and safe throughout their early development. Up to this point, many parents have used devices to listen for irregular activity, however OSPICON has developed a sleep monitoring mat take baby care to the next level.

2) Technology:

  • The sleep mat is used by caregivers to monitor respiratory rates and ambient air temperature
  • Once irregular breathing is detected, such as a slowdown or sudden increase in breath count, a breath event alarm is sent directly to the baby’s parents
  • It design also emits less energy than a flashlight without external wires or cords
  • A Sleep- Mat mobile app comes free with the device and can be connected to through Bluetooth or Wi-Fi to track irregular movements as well

3) Stakeholders:

  • Hospitals
  • New Parents
  • Caregivers

4) Deployment:

  • Test out the product more thoroughly with a large sample size to fix any possible bugs in the system design
  • Work with hospitals and neonatal care centers to push for adding the devices within the institutions to develop a norm of operations
  • Develop a business care for dispersing the technology into homes after babies have left the hospital

5) Student Post: 

“The business model of Plantagon is based on retrofitting, extending existing buildings, developing new buildings and establishing a symbiotic system. The whole goal of the initiative is to reduce transportation costs and emissions.”

https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/25/urban-vertical-farming/comment-page-1/#comment-1508

Sources: 

http://mashable.com/2015/11/02/singapore-healthcare-innovation/#o.6KKWIq6Gqr

http://ospicon.com/the-sleep-mat/

Dominic Bell (dlb2189)

Twitter-Like Tech For First Responders

Area: Health

Description:

Hospitals and First responders tend to have communication problems due to poor connection and surrounding noises at incidence scenes.

Twiage is a web-based app that enables first responders to easily snap and send photos to hospitals, as well as communicate important information regarding patients. This helps hospital better prepare and evaluate situations before patients are transported or before they arrive at the hospital.

In the latest version, the app is connected to Google glasses which makes the process even more user-friendly responders don’t need to use their hands to activate the function. They can easily send photos or messages using a voice-controlled option.

Sources:

http://www.twiagemed.com/

https://www.fastcompany.com/3035654/emergency-room-communication-sucks-could-this-twitter-like-tech-save-lives

Stakeholders: Hospital / First Responders / Google

Implementation:

  • The company needs to contact hospital that are early adopters of technology to have them try Twiage
  • In parallel, the company needs to start working with major ambulance companies
  • The company should work with Google to help market their product and join they R&D efforts regarding Google glasses

 

Comment on other technology :

This technology has an interesting feature: the leaves are not static which means that they can get solar rays coming from more directions than regular panels.

https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/25/solar-ivy-the-new-future-of-sustainable-design/

Fossil-Fuel Free Power Plants

Sustainability Issue: Air Pollution from Coal Burning Power Plants
In the United States, coal burning power plants emit 1.7 billion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere and are primarily responsible for climate change.  Burning coal is the top source of CO2 emissions globally and a leading factor in smog, acid rain, as well as toxic air pollution.

Sustainable Technology Solution: Fossil-Fuel Free Power Plants
A power plant in the northwest of Stockholm, Sweden has committed to only burning renewable and recycled fuels in an effort to combat CO2 emissions that lead to global warming.  Sweden is hoping to phase out fossil fuel use by the end of this decade and one method is by converting coal burning power plants to biofuels and garbage.  The aforementioned plant, which is located in Vasteras, Sweden has started to work with the Swedish-based clothing store H&M who by law, must discard any clothing that has been contaminated with mold or does not meet the countries strict restrictions on chemicals.  In 2017, the plant used 15 tons of discarded clothing from H&M.  Although, most of their garbage-based fuel is supplied from the 400,000 tons of trash from neighboring towns and trash that is imported to the plant from areas in Great Britain.  The plant currently provides energy to 50,000 households in Sweden and at its peak in 1996 it burned approximately 650,000 tons of coal.  But, just last week, the last coal carrying ship came to Vasteras to supply the plant with just enough to last until 2020 when they will completely phase out their fossil burning furnace.  They also recently added a wood-fired boiler to supplement the biofuel and trash burning units on the plant’s site.

Technology Stakeholders:

  • Power Plant Owners and Operators
  • Multinational Clothing Company
  • City Waste Management Agencies
  • Air Pollution Federal Agency
  • Air Pollution Non-profits

Implementation: 

  1. Create a sustainably-minded Public-Private Partnership between City and Multinational Corporation who manufacture clothing
  2. Collaborate with Aging Power Plant looking to incorporate new technologies
  3. Model system after plant in Vasteras, Sweden by phasing in biofuel and trash burning options with the addition of a wood-fired boiler on site.
  4. In first year of implementation set goal of 20 tons of discarded materials from the clothing manufacturer and 100 tons of municipal trash.
  5. If successful, set a goal of 10 years for full phase-out of fossil fuels.

Comment on Other Blog: https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/24/commercial-electric-plane/#comment-1478

Sources:
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-24/burning-h-m-rags-is-new-black-as-swedish-plant-ditches-coal
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-and-other-fossil-fuels/coal-air-pollution#.Whh9n7Q-dQI
https://inhabitat.com/this-swedish-power-plant-is-burning-hm-clothes-instead-of-fossil-fuels/

Commercial Electric Plane

Capture d_écran 2017-11-24 à 01.07.38

Area : Transportation, energy, carbon emission

Description: If the international aviation sector was a country, its emission would place it amongst the top 10 biggest polluters (Fern Institute).

Due to international treaties and the complexity surrounding airlines carbon emissions, the aviation sector aren’t included during negotiations at the COP and therefore no specific targets were set.

Wright Electric is building a plane that would be powered by a battery. Because their technology is depending on the advances in term of energy storage, their plan is to have a fully autonomous plane in the next 10 years (or a hybrid motor if it can’t be fully battery-powered).

The technology would be used for short-haul trips and could potentially reduce personal emissions by 75%. For airlines, this would also lower drastically their costs since the need for fuel and maintenance would be greatly reduced.

 

Sources:

https://weflywright.com/

Wright Electric unveils its commercial electric plane business

Stakeholders:

-Airlines / International Civil Aviation Organization / Airplane manufacturers

Implementation:

  • Wright needs to map the major players in the energy storage industry
  • Wright needs to work closely with those players in the energy storage (R&D partnerships)
  • Wright needs to work closely with airlines and run tests along the development of its technology

1: Area of sustainability category: public health & safety

For the second year in a row, violent crime is up in Los Angeles. The crime was up even in some parts of the city that are traditionally considered safe. In West Los Angeles, robberies were up by 16%, and motor vehicle theft was up by 31%. The LAPDs Topanga Division saw a 41% increase in robberies and a 21% increase in motor vehicle theft [1].

[1] http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-crime-stats-20161227-story.html

2: Parking Lot Attacker Wasnt Expecting This

  • Uses ear piercing sound to deter bad guys
  • The sound is so loud that it has been compared to the same loudness as a football stadium or a military fighter jet taking off
  • Requires no training or skill to operate
  • Is legal to carry everywhere including airplanes

3: Implementation

  • Receive feedback from the users and collect as more successful cases as possible
  • Participate in the related exhibitions to build the brand name
  • Invite users to share their successful experience on the SNS
  • Cooperate with schools and give free samples

4: Stakeholder

  • Municipal who want to lower the crime rate
  • Potential robbers who may have less motivation to conduct the crime because of this technology
  • City residents who want to secure their lives and properties

source:

http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-crime-stats-20161227-story.html

https://safelifealliance.com/safety/personal-security-alarm-3-nat.php?utm_source=tb&utm_campaign=safesound&utm_medium=native&utm_term=mashable&utm_content=56088285&c1=us_1_safesound_1_1103&c2=mashable&country=United+States&sxid=00286o676psj

Comment on “Communicating without Internet Access Using Mesh Networks

I find that the company will charge app developers based on how many users engage with their apps because of its technology. I am wondering how they could know that number exactly.

Smart Package Locker System

Sustainability Issues

As e-commerce becomes interestingly popular among the younger population, receiving packages in an easier and safer way also becomes a concern. The traditional delivery method of leaving packages on doorsteps for single-family homes or handing them to the doorman at apartment buildings are not only vulnerable to theft but also time-consuming to process – an unreliable delivery method during predominate e-commerce era when a household receives multiple packages a day. A smart package locker system that could be configured to adapt the setting of residential/ commercial areas is expected to significantly improve package- receiving experiences. This technology has been implemented by Amazon in some neighborhoods and areas (Amazon Locker) but could be expanded to more residential/ commercial buildings potentially.

Technology: Smart Locker System 

  • Install smart locker system in apartment/commercial buildings, residential areas based on estimated service population size and grant delivery carriers (UPS, USPS, FedEx, HDL) access to the locker.
  • Instead of going door-by-door to leave packages on the doorsteps or handing them to the doorman, delivery staff place packages inside the smart locker and input the recipient’s information in the locker by scanning the shipping label.
  • Once a package has been placed in a locker, an automated text message will be sent by the locker system to the package’s intended recipient with a barcode or PIN number.
  • To retrieve the package, the recipient simply scan the barcode he or she received earlier or input the PIN number at the smart locker
  • The smart locker system could also be utilized to drop-off out-going packages.

Stakeholders

  • Postal carriers (UPS, USPS, FedEx, HDL, etc.)
  • Property owners of residential/commercial buildings
  • Residents
  • Smart locker system provider

Deployment 

  • Property owners/managers conduct a survey of building users and residents to estimate to estimate size of locker needed
  • Contact locker provider to configure and install smart locker system in the building
  • Grant delivery carriers access to the smart locker and provide them with proper training

Source

http://www.southwestsolutions.com/equipment/package-tracking-lockers-mail-delivery-distribution-locker-audit-trail#view-brochures

http://signifi.com/hardware-solutions/smartlocker/

UNI: MH3730