Fisker patents EV battery with a range of 500 miles that can be charged in 1 minute!

Fisker 1

Sustainable Problem: Energy

Technology:

  • Fisker reportedly made a breakthrough in solid-state batteries – and their technology could allow an EV to travel 500 miles after a single charge.
  • The company has filed a patent for a groundbreaking solid-state battery.
  • Green Car Congress reports that the patent includes claims about manufacturing processes and novel materials, saying, “Fisker’s solid-state batteries will feature three-dimensional electrodes with 2.5 times the energy density of lithium-ion batteries.” Recharging such a battery, they pointed out, would take less time than filling up a tank of gas today.

Here’s a representation of the three-dimensional electrodes:

fisker 2

Stakeholders:

  • Fisker
  • Fabio Albano, co-founder of Sakti3 and Fisker’s vice president of battery systems.

Deployment/Implementation:

  • The project is years away from completion.
  • Deploy when figure logistics of implementation are figured out
  • For this particular technology, Fisker says that it will be automotive production grade ready around 2023.
  • In the meantime, Fisker plans to launch its Emotion electric car at CES 2018 in January 2018

Sources:

https://inhabitat.com/fisker-patents-ev-battery-with-a-range-of-500-miles-that-can-be-charged-in-1-minute/fisker-emotion/

https://electrek.co/2017/11/14/fisker-solid-state-battery-breakthrough-electric-cars/

Comments on Compostable Water Bottles by AA4098:

It is very impressive technology considering how slow plastic decomposes. According to the link, “PET plastic takes between 450 – 1000 years to decompose. Most PET bottles end up in a landfill, eventually contaminating lands and groundwater. William Horner, Founder and President of Totally Green Bottles & Caps, believes that the bottled water marketplace is long overdue for a 100% compostable bottle, cap, and label.” This would reduce a lot of waste that could take hundreds of years to decompose. I wonder if there would be any health effects from drinking water out of these bottles all the time.

UNI: AV2698

Monitoring Tech for Sleeping Babies

1) Safety and Health:  

  • The first few years of a baby’s life are usually the more dangerous as they need to be watched at all times to ensure that they remain healthy and safe throughout their early development. Up to this point, many parents have used devices to listen for irregular activity, however OSPICON has developed a sleep monitoring mat take baby care to the next level.

2) Technology:

  • The sleep mat is used by caregivers to monitor respiratory rates and ambient air temperature
  • Once irregular breathing is detected, such as a slowdown or sudden increase in breath count, a breath event alarm is sent directly to the baby’s parents
  • It design also emits less energy than a flashlight without external wires or cords
  • A Sleep- Mat mobile app comes free with the device and can be connected to through Bluetooth or Wi-Fi to track irregular movements as well

3) Stakeholders:

  • Hospitals
  • New Parents
  • Caregivers

4) Deployment:

  • Test out the product more thoroughly with a large sample size to fix any possible bugs in the system design
  • Work with hospitals and neonatal care centers to push for adding the devices within the institutions to develop a norm of operations
  • Develop a business care for dispersing the technology into homes after babies have left the hospital

5) Student Post: 

“The business model of Plantagon is based on retrofitting, extending existing buildings, developing new buildings and establishing a symbiotic system. The whole goal of the initiative is to reduce transportation costs and emissions.”

https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/25/urban-vertical-farming/comment-page-1/#comment-1508

Sources: 

http://mashable.com/2015/11/02/singapore-healthcare-innovation/#o.6KKWIq6Gqr

http://ospicon.com/the-sleep-mat/

Dominic Bell (dlb2189)

Twitter-Like Tech For First Responders

Area: Health

Description:

Hospitals and First responders tend to have communication problems due to poor connection and surrounding noises at incidence scenes.

Twiage is a web-based app that enables first responders to easily snap and send photos to hospitals, as well as communicate important information regarding patients. This helps hospital better prepare and evaluate situations before patients are transported or before they arrive at the hospital.

In the latest version, the app is connected to Google glasses which makes the process even more user-friendly responders don’t need to use their hands to activate the function. They can easily send photos or messages using a voice-controlled option.

Sources:

http://www.twiagemed.com/

https://www.fastcompany.com/3035654/emergency-room-communication-sucks-could-this-twitter-like-tech-save-lives

Stakeholders: Hospital / First Responders / Google

Implementation:

  • The company needs to contact hospital that are early adopters of technology to have them try Twiage
  • In parallel, the company needs to start working with major ambulance companies
  • The company should work with Google to help market their product and join they R&D efforts regarding Google glasses

 

Comment on other technology :

This technology has an interesting feature: the leaves are not static which means that they can get solar rays coming from more directions than regular panels.

https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/25/solar-ivy-the-new-future-of-sustainable-design/

Fossil-Fuel Free Power Plants

Sustainability Issue: Air Pollution from Coal Burning Power Plants
In the United States, coal burning power plants emit 1.7 billion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere and are primarily responsible for climate change.  Burning coal is the top source of CO2 emissions globally and a leading factor in smog, acid rain, as well as toxic air pollution.

Sustainable Technology Solution: Fossil-Fuel Free Power Plants
A power plant in the northwest of Stockholm, Sweden has committed to only burning renewable and recycled fuels in an effort to combat CO2 emissions that lead to global warming.  Sweden is hoping to phase out fossil fuel use by the end of this decade and one method is by converting coal burning power plants to biofuels and garbage.  The aforementioned plant, which is located in Vasteras, Sweden has started to work with the Swedish-based clothing store H&M who by law, must discard any clothing that has been contaminated with mold or does not meet the countries strict restrictions on chemicals.  In 2017, the plant used 15 tons of discarded clothing from H&M.  Although, most of their garbage-based fuel is supplied from the 400,000 tons of trash from neighboring towns and trash that is imported to the plant from areas in Great Britain.  The plant currently provides energy to 50,000 households in Sweden and at its peak in 1996 it burned approximately 650,000 tons of coal.  But, just last week, the last coal carrying ship came to Vasteras to supply the plant with just enough to last until 2020 when they will completely phase out their fossil burning furnace.  They also recently added a wood-fired boiler to supplement the biofuel and trash burning units on the plant’s site.

Technology Stakeholders:

  • Power Plant Owners and Operators
  • Multinational Clothing Company
  • City Waste Management Agencies
  • Air Pollution Federal Agency
  • Air Pollution Non-profits

Implementation: 

  1. Create a sustainably-minded Public-Private Partnership between City and Multinational Corporation who manufacture clothing
  2. Collaborate with Aging Power Plant looking to incorporate new technologies
  3. Model system after plant in Vasteras, Sweden by phasing in biofuel and trash burning options with the addition of a wood-fired boiler on site.
  4. In first year of implementation set goal of 20 tons of discarded materials from the clothing manufacturer and 100 tons of municipal trash.
  5. If successful, set a goal of 10 years for full phase-out of fossil fuels.

Comment on Other Blog: https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/24/commercial-electric-plane/#comment-1478

Sources:
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-11-24/burning-h-m-rags-is-new-black-as-swedish-plant-ditches-coal
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/coal-and-other-fossil-fuels/coal-air-pollution#.Whh9n7Q-dQI
https://inhabitat.com/this-swedish-power-plant-is-burning-hm-clothes-instead-of-fossil-fuels/

Commercial Electric Plane

Capture d_écran 2017-11-24 à 01.07.38

Area : Transportation, energy, carbon emission

Description: If the international aviation sector was a country, its emission would place it amongst the top 10 biggest polluters (Fern Institute).

Due to international treaties and the complexity surrounding airlines carbon emissions, the aviation sector aren’t included during negotiations at the COP and therefore no specific targets were set.

Wright Electric is building a plane that would be powered by a battery. Because their technology is depending on the advances in term of energy storage, their plan is to have a fully autonomous plane in the next 10 years (or a hybrid motor if it can’t be fully battery-powered).

The technology would be used for short-haul trips and could potentially reduce personal emissions by 75%. For airlines, this would also lower drastically their costs since the need for fuel and maintenance would be greatly reduced.

 

Sources:

https://weflywright.com/

Wright Electric unveils its commercial electric plane business

Stakeholders:

-Airlines / International Civil Aviation Organization / Airplane manufacturers

Implementation:

  • Wright needs to map the major players in the energy storage industry
  • Wright needs to work closely with those players in the energy storage (R&D partnerships)
  • Wright needs to work closely with airlines and run tests along the development of its technology

1: Area of sustainability category: public health & safety

For the second year in a row, violent crime is up in Los Angeles. The crime was up even in some parts of the city that are traditionally considered safe. In West Los Angeles, robberies were up by 16%, and motor vehicle theft was up by 31%. The LAPDs Topanga Division saw a 41% increase in robberies and a 21% increase in motor vehicle theft [1].

[1] http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-crime-stats-20161227-story.html

2: Parking Lot Attacker Wasnt Expecting This

  • Uses ear piercing sound to deter bad guys
  • The sound is so loud that it has been compared to the same loudness as a football stadium or a military fighter jet taking off
  • Requires no training or skill to operate
  • Is legal to carry everywhere including airplanes

3: Implementation

  • Receive feedback from the users and collect as more successful cases as possible
  • Participate in the related exhibitions to build the brand name
  • Invite users to share their successful experience on the SNS
  • Cooperate with schools and give free samples

4: Stakeholder

  • Municipal who want to lower the crime rate
  • Potential robbers who may have less motivation to conduct the crime because of this technology
  • City residents who want to secure their lives and properties

source:

http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-crime-stats-20161227-story.html

https://safelifealliance.com/safety/personal-security-alarm-3-nat.php?utm_source=tb&utm_campaign=safesound&utm_medium=native&utm_term=mashable&utm_content=56088285&c1=us_1_safesound_1_1103&c2=mashable&country=United+States&sxid=00286o676psj

Comment on “Communicating without Internet Access Using Mesh Networks

I find that the company will charge app developers based on how many users engage with their apps because of its technology. I am wondering how they could know that number exactly.

Smart Package Locker System

Sustainability Issues

As e-commerce becomes interestingly popular among the younger population, receiving packages in an easier and safer way also becomes a concern. The traditional delivery method of leaving packages on doorsteps for single-family homes or handing them to the doorman at apartment buildings are not only vulnerable to theft but also time-consuming to process – an unreliable delivery method during predominate e-commerce era when a household receives multiple packages a day. A smart package locker system that could be configured to adapt the setting of residential/ commercial areas is expected to significantly improve package- receiving experiences. This technology has been implemented by Amazon in some neighborhoods and areas (Amazon Locker) but could be expanded to more residential/ commercial buildings potentially.

Technology: Smart Locker System 

  • Install smart locker system in apartment/commercial buildings, residential areas based on estimated service population size and grant delivery carriers (UPS, USPS, FedEx, HDL) access to the locker.
  • Instead of going door-by-door to leave packages on the doorsteps or handing them to the doorman, delivery staff place packages inside the smart locker and input the recipient’s information in the locker by scanning the shipping label.
  • Once a package has been placed in a locker, an automated text message will be sent by the locker system to the package’s intended recipient with a barcode or PIN number.
  • To retrieve the package, the recipient simply scan the barcode he or she received earlier or input the PIN number at the smart locker
  • The smart locker system could also be utilized to drop-off out-going packages.

Stakeholders

  • Postal carriers (UPS, USPS, FedEx, HDL, etc.)
  • Property owners of residential/commercial buildings
  • Residents
  • Smart locker system provider

Deployment 

  • Property owners/managers conduct a survey of building users and residents to estimate to estimate size of locker needed
  • Contact locker provider to configure and install smart locker system in the building
  • Grant delivery carriers access to the smart locker and provide them with proper training

Source

http://www.southwestsolutions.com/equipment/package-tracking-lockers-mail-delivery-distribution-locker-audit-trail#view-brochures

http://signifi.com/hardware-solutions/smartlocker/

UNI: MH3730

Communicating without Internet Access Using Mesh Networks

1. Sustainability problem: Communications without internet access

Having an internet connection is key for communication these days. However, natural disasters can disrupt existing internet connection and many places don’t have reliable and wide-spread internet coverage to begin with. Furthermore, some people simply cannot afford to connect to the internet.

Category: Safety and Health 

2. Technology summary

Source: “Bridgefy lets developers build mesh networks into their apps”, Techcrunch (https://techcrunch.com/2017/09/18/bridgefy-lets-developers-build-mesh-networking-into-their-apps/)

  • This article discusses Bridgefy, a company that created a software development kit (SDK) for developers to integrate mesh networking capabilities into their iOS and Android apps
  • The mesh networking functionality allows smartphones to communicate even when there’s no access to the internet by creating a network of phones connected by Bluetooth
  • Phones can communicate directly with each other (across a distance of no more than 330 ft) or with phones further away as long as they are indirectly connected through other Bluetooth-enabled phones
  • Other companies, such as Open Garden, have tried to do similar things but have had difficulties making the technology work seamlessly
  • This technology has many use cases, ranging from disaster relief efforts and providing arriving refugees with connectivity to enabling education applications

Tags: #smartcommunication #internet #meshnetworks #bluetooth

3. Organizational stakeholders

As mentioned, there are many different use cases and, therefore, stakeholders for this technology. Across the board, developers are the key stakeholders as they need to use Bridgefy’s SDK to build or update their apps. Next, users of apps that include Bridgefy’s functionality need to be made aware of the mesh network functionality so that they use the relevant apps, enable Bluetooth, and allow the network to form. Depending on the type of app the specific stakeholders will vary, but this could include civilians/individuals, government officials, hospital employees, etc.

4. Technology deployment

Early deployment has to focus on a) making sure the technology works seamlessly from a technical perspective and b) creating a large enough mesh network for the technology to work from a practical perspective.

  1. Educate the public about the mesh network functionality of the app and its reliance on Bluetooth (the mesh network has more value when more people enable Bluetooth and use apps using this feature)
  2. Partner with app developers/companies that already have a large network of users and provide them with the feature at a discounted price, e.g., Uber (the company has a broad network within cities and has a use case for this technology, e.g., when users are traveling abroad and want to use the app but don’t have access to internet)
  3. Work with / advocate for hardware providers to improve their Bluetooth technology

5. Comment on another post

I commented on “Truck Platooning” (DCT2131)

This platooning technology has implications beyond the trucking industry. These connected vehicles also collect data on the road and traffic conditions that can be shared with other connected cars and the government to improve safety and traffic more generally.

https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/23/truck-platooning/comment-page-1/#comment-1460

 

 

A Pill That Won’t Let You Forget To Take It

The Problem

Category: Health

A common issue amongst medical patients with prescribed medications is that they sometimes forget to take their pills or misremember whether they’ve already taken their pill.  This can result in unhealthy medical doses being administered.

 The Tech

Proteus Digital Health has invented a microscopic edible sensor that attaches to pills.  Once the oral pill is swallowed and enters a human’s stomach, it interacts with gastric juices.  This interaction triggers a signal being sent to a wearable patch.

The patch logs the date and time of the signal (which correlates with the digestion of the pill) and some other basic health information that can be transmitted to a mobile device via Bluetooth.

The FDA approved this sensor being attached to Abilify – a long-standing schizophrenia drug – with the new name of Abilify MyCite.  Despite the approval, this new pill is being criticized for its pairing with a drug taken by people already prone to paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, and hearing voices.

abilify_mycite_cycle_11.21.17.png

Article Title: Experts raise eyebrows at digital pill to monitor patients with schizophrenia
Website: Ars Technica
Link: https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/11/experts-raise-eyebrows-at-digital-pill-to-monitor-patients-with-schizophrenia/

 The Stakeholders Using The Tech

Medical patients with schizophrenia

Clinical trial participants

Doctors prescribing the pills

Pharmacists fulfilling prescription orders

Friends/Family/Doctors monitoring a loved one’s health

FDA

App Developers

The First Three Steps

  1. There’s still work left to be done despite expectations of the new pill hitting the market next year.  First, the Abilify MyCite team needs to ease the public’s concerns around the sensor potentially amplifying Abilify patients’ side effects (i.e. hallucinations & delusions).
  2. They should immediately continue conducting testing and gather data that supports the sensor does in fact increase a patients’ likelihood to remain on their prescribed pill-taking schedule.
  3. They should promote their insights to families and doctors of patients with schizophrenia in order to gain public trust and build up demand for the product.

UNI: gm2778


Comment on Compostable Diapers

“It can take 50-150 days for the diapers to break down – that’s a lot of used diapers on hand at any given time.  Furthermore, you need proper ratios of greens (i.e. grass clippings) to browns (i.e. dried leaves) to help compost the diaper.  I’m skeptical that parents will try this if their own baby’s natural browns can’t be composted, as the article suggests (“do not compost poopy disposable inserts”).”

1) Sustainability Problem: Vehicle Congestion and Air Pollution
For city residents, traffic is a huge environmental problem as well as a nuisance.  Too many drivers on the road cause delays, decrease productivity, and increase air pollution.  According to the EPA, “vehicles produce roughly one-half of pollutants like VOCs, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter” and 75% of CO2 emissions are from automobiles.

2) Sustainability TechnologyUPS Cargo Bikes
Vehicles emissions are a growing concern for policy-makers who are beginning to recognize the emissions and climate change impacts of freight transportation. They are starting to look at the role of technology can play in delivering goods more reliable and in a more sustainable fashion.  They are also looking to reduce congestion, improve road safety, and decrease CO2 emissions that lead to health risks and climate change. Large retailers are partnering with cities to improve freight transport and UPS has proven to be one such leader with the inception of their Cargo-bikes.  Since their release in 2012 in Hamburg, Germany, UPS has had a lot of success with their Cargo bikes and they are now rolling them out (literally) in the Northeast, starting with Pittsburg in the United States and Toronto in Canada.  Although the bikes hold much less capacity than their vans, they are looking to improve the technology to allow for an increase in capacity.  The rider must power the bike to pull the heavy cargo which as has been the biggest challenge.  However, the bikes now come with e-assist.  Through either a battery pack or solar panels on the roof of the cargo bin, the bike can have enough supply to help move the wheels for up to 18 hours.  Plus, pedaling the bikes helps to recharge the batteries while the driver is on the go!

3) Technology Stakeholders

  • UPS
  • Public Officials
  • City Agencies (Department of Transportation)
  • City Residents
  • Small Businesses

4) Implementation

  1. Locate small to medium-sized city where congestion is such a problem
  2. Using the Toronto model, and ones that have been successful in Europe, introduce 5 UPS cargo bikes throughout the city
  3. Test this out and if successful, add 5 more bikes to the fleet
  4. Once cargo bikes are successful, launch campaign to provide awareness on the issue of congestion to city residents and how it is being combatted by this technology
  5. Repeat model in other cities

5) Comment on Other Blog Post: https://makeasmartcity.com/2017/11/16/newater-is-tackling-island-nations-primary-challenge/#comments

Sources: